Civil War Missouri
150 Years Ago


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Saturday, August 1, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: With peace assured, Boone County 'Tigers' relieved from duty

This is the last of 1,662 entries in Life During Wartime, a series that began in the Tribune on Jan. 2, 2011. The daily columns are being compiled into five hardbound volumes. The first two, for 1861 and 1862, have...

Friday, July 31, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Friends of Callaway County man renew plea for release from penitentiary

FULTON — John Austin, “a peaceable, quiet citizen” who had done nothing worse than “press some guns” under orders after being conscripted into the Confederate army, should be released to care for his family, eight men wrote in a petition...

Thursday, July 30, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Crowded Missouri State Penitentiary continues to receive prisoners

JEFFERSON CITY — Two women prisoners arrived at the overcrowded Missouri State Penitentiary from Gratiot Street Military Prison in St. Louis, now almost empty as the government sought to cut costs.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Returned rebel sued after boasting about theft of horses

FAYETTE — A returned rebel soldier who boasted that he took eight horses while visiting his home county in the fall of 1864 was slapped with a lawsuit by the owner of the horses, the Howard Union reported.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015 2:00 pm07/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Heavy rains cease in time to allow performance by 'Forest Rose Institute'

ROCHEPORT — Incessant rains ended just in time to give young women of the Forest Rose Institute “an afternoon of sunshine in which to prepare, and a clear beautiful evening for the proposed exhibition at the Christian Church,” a letter...

Monday, July 27, 2015 2:00 pm07/27/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Pastor assigned for new Methodist congregation at Glasgow

GLASGOW — The Rev. David A. McCready was coming to Glasgow to take over the newly formed Methodist Episcopal Church congregation with high recommendations from his previous assignment in McConnelsville, Ohio.

Sunday, July 26, 2015 12:00 am07/26/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Curators act to bring Morrill Act land grant to University of Missouri

COLUMBIA — The University of Missouri Board of Curators mustered a quorum for only the third time since the war began, approving payments to professors hired for the previous school year and ratifying the selection of John H. Lathrop as...

Saturday, July 25, 2015 12:00 am07/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Returned rebels run out of town after confrontation in Jefferson City hotel

JEFFERSON CITY — A confrontation in the dining room of the Virginia Hotel showed the necessity of driving returned Confederates from their homes in Missouri as soon as possible, the Missouri State Times said.

Friday, July 24, 2015 2:00 pm07/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Fulton couple found dead in apparent murder-suicide

FULTON — A married couple “who have lived quite disagreeable for some time” were found dead in their bed, the Missouri Telegraph reported.

Thursday, July 23, 2015 2:00 pm07/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: 20 Columbia black couples celebrate new right to legally marry

COLUMBIA — Columbia city recorder and Justice of the Peace George Rowland had a busy day performing weddings as former slaves took advantage of the new law legalizing black marriage.

Wednesday, July 22, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Farms south of Missouri River advertised for as little as $3 per acre

CALIFORNIA, MO. — R.Q. Roache and W.L. Shankland advertised 60 properties in southwest and Central Missouri and called on anyone with land to sell to advertise to take advantage of the expected rush of immigration in the fall.

Tuesday, July 21, 2015 2:00 pm07/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Newspapers feud over treatment of returned Confederates

COLUMBIA — Returned Confederate soldiers should be allowed to live in peace, as promised in the terms of their surrender, instead of being subject to vengeful violence that would prolong the bitterness of the Civil War, William Switzler wrote in...

Monday, July 20, 2015 2:00 pm07/20/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lawmaker seeks release of Callaway County man held for a year without triall

FULTON — Jefferson F. Jones, a once-wealthy Callaway County farmer and attorney who had been held in military custody without trial since the summer of 1864, should be released to support his family and because “he has fully atoned for...

Sunday, July 19, 2015 12:00 am07/19/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Exchange National Bank application approved for operation in Columbia

WASHINGTON — Comptroller of the Currency Freeman Clark approved the application to create a new national bank in Columbia but required the investors to change the name to the Exchange National Bank of Columbia.

Saturday, July 18, 2015 12:00 am07/18/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Returning Central Missouri Confederates continue to arrive at St. Louis

ST. LOUIS — Five men from Central Missouri were among 23 who took the oath of allegiance to the United States and were released to return home, the Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Friday, July 17, 2015 2:00 pm07/17/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Prominent Boone County secessionist held on treason indictment

COLUMBIA — Caleb S. Stone, a onetime aide to Maj. Gen. Richard Gentry and once a successful businessman, left town in custody of a U.S. marshal to answer an indictment for treason from the grand jury of the federal Western...

Thursday, July 16, 2015 2:00 pm07/16/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Validity of constitution election questioned in editorial

ST. LOUIS — The Daily Missouri Republican challenged Secretary of State Francis Rodman to allow an independent review of the June 6 election that showed a narrow victory for the new Missouri Constitution, charging that refusal was clear evidence of...

Wednesday, July 15, 2015 2:00 pm07/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lawmakers overlooked pay for militia in budget, official reports

JEFFERSON CITY — The men being mustered out of the Volunteer Missouri Militia units created Jan. 30 by order of Gov. Thomas Fletcher were due for a rude revelation soon in their local newspaper or through official channels: They would...

Tuesday, July 14, 2015 2:00 pm07/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Fletcher speech won't deter efforts to drive rebels from state, editor writes

JEFFERSON CITY — The Columbia Missouri Statesman “misrepresented and garbled” Gov. Thomas Fletcher’s June 26 speech at the Boone County Courthouse when it quoted him saying he wanted to be lenient and conciliatory toward returning Confederate soldiers, the Missouri State...

Monday, July 13, 2015 2:00 pm07/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Last battalion of hard-fighting 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry relieved of duty

ST. LOUIS — The remaining battalion of the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry, men who joined the regiment after it was formed in 1862, were mustered out of the service on orders of the War Department.

Sunday, July 12, 2015 12:00 am07/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Warden ordered to plan expansion as penitentiary population exceeds 600

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Thomas Fletcher ordered an immediate effort to expand inmate housing at the Missouri State Penitentiary as the arrival of 225 federal prisoners in two days swelled the population to 622, the Missouri State Times reported.

Saturday, July 11, 2015 12:00 am07/11/2015

No Civil War column

There is no Life During Wartime column for July 11, 1865. Writer Rudi Keller was unable to locate any Civil War-related news for that day.

Friday, July 10, 2015 2:00 pm07/10/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Early rising priest foils attempted breakout at St. Louis military prison

ST. LOUIS — Prisoners scheduled for an 8 a.m. train ride to the Missouri State Penitentiary were minutes away from making a mass escape at Gratiot Street Prison when they were discovered, the Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Thursday, July 9, 2015 2:00 pm07/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: New federal prisoners add to crowded conditions at Missouri State Penitentiary

JEFERSON CITY — Missouri State Penitentiary Warden Horace Swift accepted 25 new inmates, all Federal military prisoners sentenced by courts-martial to a term of years for crimes committed as soldiers.

Wednesday, July 8, 2015 2:00 pm07/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Thespian Hall creditors threaten foreclosure on lingering construction debt

BOONVILLE — The creditors who rescued Thespian Hall from a forced sale when construction costs were unpaid published a notice in the Central Missouri Advertiser that they could not wait much longer to be reimbursed.

Tuesday, July 7, 2015 2:00 pm07/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Four conspirators hanged simultaneously for role in assassination of Lincoln

WASHINGTON, D.C. — President Andrew Johnson refused to honor a writ of habeas corpus for Mary Surratt, sentenced to death for conspiring to kill President Abraham Lincoln. Surratt became the first woman executed by the federal government when she was...

Monday, July 6, 2015 2:00 pm07/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Mother pleads for release of son held at Missouri State Penitentiary

CALLAWAY COUNTY — James Myers was prosecuted and “wrongfully imprisoned by the evidence of a malicious enemy,” 22 petitioners including his mother, Malinda Myers, wrote to President Andrew Johnson in a request for a pardon.

Sunday, July 5, 2015 12:00 am07/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Audrain County exile granted permission to return home to parents

MEXICO, Mo. — A request to help one of the last exiles awaiting permission to return home was granted immediately upon receipt at Provost Marshal General J.H. Baker’s office.

Saturday, July 4, 2015 12:00 am07/04/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Former Boone County slaves hold massive Independence Day picnic

COLUMBIA — Boone County’s black residents celebrated their first Independence Day as free people with a massive picnic attended by a crowd estimated at 2,000 people, about 40 percent of the county’s pre-war black population.

Friday, July 3, 2015 2:00 pm07/03/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Auditor accused of corrupt dealings in state military bonds

JEFFERSON CITY — State Auditor Alonzo Thompson was running a scheme to pocket immense profits speculating in Union Military Bonds at the expense of out-of-state landowners, an anonymous letter to the St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican charged.

Thursday, July 2, 2015 2:00 pm07/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: St. Louis newspaper charges fraud in tabulation of constitution vote

ST. LOUIS — Under the headline “The Infamy Consummated,” the Daily Missouri Republican continued its campaign of accusation that the new Missouri Constitution had been passed by cheating in the tallying of returns.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015 2:00 pm07/01/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Constitution opponents suspect cheating as official tally shows narrow majority

JEFFERSON CITY — In the presence of Gov. Thomas Fletcher and State Auditor Alonzo Thompson, and after ordering all spectators to leave his office, Secretary of State Francis Rodman counted the votes of the June 6 election, reporting a slim...

Tuesday, June 30, 2015 2:00 pm06/30/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Editor warns that returning Confederate soldiers are danger to Union men

JEFFERSON CITY — The former Confederate soldiers returning home could not be trusted, publisher Emory Foster wrote in an editorial that showed he resented the federal spending on transportation to bring them back to Missouri.

Monday, June 29, 2015 2:00 pm06/29/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader Clifton Holtzclaw surrenders at Glasgow

GLASGOW — Capt. Clifton D. Holtzclaw, who defiantly taunted Union troops after the June 17, 1861, Battle of Boonville and became a terror to Radical Unionists in Central Missouri in 1864, ended his war when he surrendered with two followers.

Sunday, June 28, 2015 12:00 am06/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lathrop uses MU commencement address to make pitches for state aid

COLUMBIA — The University of Missouri awarded seven Bachelor of Arts degrees, two Bachelor of Science degrees and three Master of Arts degrees at the annual commencement, the largest graduating class since before the Civil War.

Saturday, June 27, 2015 12:00 am06/27/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Curators vote to hire Lathrop as University of Missouri president

COLUMBIA — The University of Missouri Board of Curators failed to muster a quorum for the annual meeting before commencement, but the eight members on hand “indicated their purpose” to re-elect John Lathrop to the vacant post of president of...

Friday, June 26, 2015 2:00 pm06/26/2015

150 YEARS AGO: St. Louis residents make open records demand on secretary of state

JEFFERSON CITY — Two men who claimed “a right inherent in citizens of a democratic republic” to inspect public records were denied by Secretary of State Francis Rodman, who wrote that no one would examine the returns reported for the...

Thursday, June 25, 2015 2:00 pm06/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Newspaper begins open records battle with Secretary of State

ST. LOUIS — The state’s largest newspaper accused Secretary of State Francis Rodman of denying open records requests for June 6 election returns to manipulate the results to “foist the rejected constitution” on the state.

Wednesday, June 24, 2015 2:00 pm06/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Radicals rally at Jefferson City to support ouster of Supreme Court

JEFFERSON CITY — A Radical Republican rally voted to back Gov. Thomas Fletcher’s use of the military and police to wrest control of the Missouri Supreme Court from judges who refused to recognize the Ousting Ordinance of the State Convention,...

Tuesday, June 23, 2015 2:00 pm06/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Cooper County refugee sees hope for family reunion with wars' end

PARIS, Canada West — Nancy Jones hoped to reunite her family, separated for more than four years by war, writing to her daughter Mary McCarthy in Texas that she did not care where the reunion occurred.

Monday, June 22, 2015 2:00 pm06/22/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Returning rebels dispersing through state as arrivals continue at St. Louis

ST. LOUIS — Two Missouri Confederate cavalry units arrived from the south, including the battalion led by Col. Caleb Perkins of Randolph County recruited in Central Missouri in the summer and fall of 1864, the Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Sunday, June 21, 2015 12:00 am06/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rebel regiment led by Fayette officer returns with 118 men from Central Missouri

ST. LOUIS — The 9th Missouri Infantry, a Confederate regiment originally commanded by John B. Clark Jr. of Fayette arrived on its way home, the Daily Missouri Republican reported, 10 companies comprising almost 700 men in all.

Saturday, June 20, 2015 12:00 am06/20/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Hundreds of former Confederate soldiers returning through St. Louis

ST. LOUIS — The names of 270 returned Confederate soldiers, including 56 from seven Central Missouri counties, were published in the Daily Missouri Republican after they took the oath of allegiance and were given permission to return to their former...

Friday, June 19, 2015 2:00 pm06/19/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Longtime couple become newlyweds in first legal black marriage in Boone County

COLUMBIA — The first legal marriage between a black man and woman in Boone County took place when John Brown and his wife, Harriett Bentley, appeared before George W. Rowland, city recorder and justice of the peace.

Thursday, June 18, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Cooper County man banished in 1863 reports from Ohio, unaware he is free to return

LAFAYETTE, Ohio — Felix G. George of Cooper County, banished from the state more than two years earlier for hiding gunpowder owned by rebels, made his regular periodical report, apparently unaware the war had ended for him on May 31.

Wednesday, June 17, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Gannett removed as provost marshal at Mexico

ST. LOUIS — Lt. Isaac Gannett was relieved of duty as the provost marshal of the Fourth Sub-District of North Missouri, the second time he had been cashiered from the post.

Tuesday, June 16, 2015 2:00 pm06/16/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Newspaper defends Boone, Callaway counties against 'scribblers of the Democrat'

COLUMBIA — The Missouri Statesman defended the loyalty of Boone and Callaway counties against attacks in the St. Louis Daily Missouri Democrat, noting that Boone County had provided more than 1,100 men for the Union army and militias.

Monday, June 15, 2015 2:00 pm06/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Mother's search for daughter reveals 1864 sale to slave traders

ST. LOUIS — Fannie Farris was sold to a man speculating in slaves in late 1864, James Harper told investigators as he was questioned about the whereabouts of the girl reported missing the previous day by her mother.

Sunday, June 14, 2015 12:00 am06/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Missouri Supreme Court deposed by military on orders of Gov. Fletcher

ST. LOUIS — The Missouri Supreme Court judges defying Gov. Thomas Fletcher and the Ousting Ordinance were removed from the bench by force and arrested on charges of disturbing the peace.

Saturday, June 13, 2015 12:00 am06/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Jim Jackson leads 15 men to surrender at Columbia fairgrounds

COLUMBIA — Notorious guerrilla leader Jim Jackson, “gaily attired in Confederate gray pants with a black stripe down the legs, and a richly embroidered shirt,” led 15 men to Camp Switzler under a flag of truce and surrendered after being...

Friday, June 12, 2015 2:00 pm06/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rival Missouri Supreme Courts hold sessions at St. Louis Courthouse

ST. LOUIS — Two panels of judges, each claiming to be the rightful Supreme Court of Missouri, held sessions in the St. Louis County courthouse and issued orders attempting to assert their authority.

Thursday, June 11, 2015 2:00 pm06/11/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Die-hard Confederate, 'in ever since the breaking out of the rebellion,' surrenders

GLASGOW — Charles A. Hinderer, who said he was a lieutenant in Company B of the Confederate 10th Missouri Cavalry, denied being a guerrilla under questioning after his surrender.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015 2:00 pm06/10/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Radical newspaper charges voter fraud in Boone, Callaway counties

ST. LOUIS — The overwhelming vote against the proposed Missouri Constitution in Boone and Callaway counties only could be the result of massive election fraud, the Daily Missouri Democrat charged in an editorial.

Tuesday, June 9, 2015 2:00 pm06/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Gen. Pope demands answers for seizure of wagons by provost marshal

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. John Pope ordered the release of Grief Baynham and delivered a stiff rebuke to Lt. Isaac Gannett for taking wagons and teams from civilians to move a family of Unionists out of Callaway County.

Monday, June 8, 2015 2:00 pm06/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Gov. Fletcher protests military seizure of Callaway County wagons, horses

JEFFERSON CITY — Military seizure of wagons and horses to move Frances Martien from her farm home near Concord and the subsequent arrest of Grief Baynham for resisting the orders were undermining efforts to bring peace to Callaway County, Gov....

Sunday, June 7, 2015 12:00 am06/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lawmaker weighs in on disputes involving physician

FULTON — James M. Martien, an “infamous scoundrel,” had repeatedly duped military officers “to persecute his infamous schemes and designs” to harass his neighbors, state Rep. Isaac Snedecor wrote to Col. Alexander Denny in a letter reporting the latest outrages.

Saturday, June 6, 2015 12:00 am06/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Radical 'Drake Constitution' approved by narrow margin in state vote

JEFFERSON CITY — The controversial “Drake Constitution” was approved by a narrow majority of 1,862 votes, carried to victory by overwhelming support among soldiers.

Friday, June 5, 2015 2:00 pm06/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway County man jailed at Mexico for resisting military seizure of horses, wagon

MEXICO — Sgt. Andrew Hill delivered Frances Martien and her household goods to the North Missouri Railroad depot and Grief Baynham to the Audrain County Jail as he finished executing orders to help Martien move from a farm where she...

Thursday, June 4, 2015 2:00 pm06/04/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Dodge denies sending Harry Truman to Central Missouri to stir up trouble

FORT LEAVENWORTH — Contrary to charges levied by former U.S. Rep. William Hall of Randolph County, Harry Truman was not unleashed on Central Missouri for a second time without restrictions, Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge wrote to Maj. Gen. John Pope.

Wednesday, June 3, 2015 2:00 pm06/03/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Militia squad seizes horses, wagons to move Callaway County Unionist family

CONCORD — Sgt. Andrew Hill took nine wagons, a carriage, 22 horses and yokes of oxen and cattle from 12 neighbors of Frances Martien to move her belongings from her home to the North Missouri Railroad depot at Mexico, Mo.

Tuesday, June 2, 2015 2:00 pm06/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Editorials offer alternate visions of Missouri after 'Drake Constitution' vote

JEFFERSON CITY — Plundering rebels intent on rekindling the war would overwhelm loyal Union voters in future elections if the proposed Missouri Constitution were defeated at the polls, the Missouri State Times told its readers in the final edition before...

Monday, June 1, 2015 2:00 pm06/01/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla band injures man, robs stores during raid in Callaway County

PORTLAND — A band of guerrillas reminded this Callaway County community that the war was not quite over when 13 men rode into town at daybreak and robbed stores, assaulted citizens and threatened anyone who dared oppose them.

Sunday, May 31, 2015 12:00 am05/31/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Peace returning to region south of the Missouri River, officer reports

WARRENSBURG — Peace reigned south of the Missouri River in the District of Central Missouri, Col. Chester Harding reported.

Saturday, May 30, 2015 12:00 am05/30/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Gov. Fletcher restates opposition to proposed 'Drake Constitution'

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Thomas Fletcher had not wavered in his opposition to the proposed Missouri Constitution, he wrote, but — to avoid association with conservatives he opposed on almost every other issue — he did not campaign against it.

Friday, May 29, 2015 2:00 pm05/29/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Columbia businessmen invest $100,000 to create national bank

COLUMBIA — Two former Boone County sheriffs, James Waugh and John Samuel, were elected president and cashier, respectively, of a new financial institution they planned to call the National Bank of Boone County.

Thursday, May 28, 2015 2:00 pm05/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Inmate shot after attacking penitentiary official

JEFFERSON CITY — A prisoner being questioned about an attempted mass breakout stabbed a deputy warden named Wright before being mortally wounded by the guards, the Missouri State Times reported.

Wednesday, May 27, 2015 2:00 pm05/27/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Inmates attempt mass breakout at Missouri State Penitentiary

JEFFERSON CITY — A mass breakout attempt succeeded in gaining control of the Missouri State Penitentiary cellblocks but failed to overcome the defenses on the outer walls.

Tuesday, May 26, 2015 2:00 pm05/26/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Hall sees sinister motive in presence of Truman as election approaches

HUNTSVILLE — The reappearance of Harry Truman and orders for local militia to fight guerrillas in western Missouri at the same time were too close to the upcoming election to be a coincidence, former U.S. Rep. William Hall wrote in...

Monday, May 25, 2015 12:00 am05/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Gen. Pope seeks report on activities, authority of Harry Truman

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. John Pope did not protect former U.S. Rep. William Hall’s identity as the source of a complaint asking why Harry Truman was unleashed for a second time in Central Missouri.

Sunday, May 24, 2015 12:00 am05/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Skirmish near Rocheport leaves 4 dead as guerrilla war nears end

ROCHEPORT — Four guerrillas under the command of Jim Anderson and Arch Clements were killed when a detachment of Howard County Volunteer Missouri Militia under Sgt. Robert Digges attacked them at the home of farmer Elias Thompson.

Saturday, May 23, 2015 12:00 am05/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Former Rep. Hall reports Truman's return scaring civilians more than guerrillas

HUNTSVILLE — The reappearance of Harry Truman in command of a squad of soldiers caused a bigger panic than the presence of bushwhackers, former U.S. Rep. William Hall wrote.

Friday, May 22, 2015 2:00 pm05/22/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rollins calls constitution an 'unworthy effort of weak, corrupt and ambitious men'

COLUMBIA — The proposed Missouri Constitution on the June 6 ballot had many objectionable features, but the worst was the clause denying the vote to thousands of men for a single instance of disloyalty and depriving those men of the...

Thursday, May 21, 2015 2:00 pm05/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader David Poole surrenders with 40 men at Lexington

LEXINGTON — Guerrilla leader David Poole, who began his career as one of William Quantrill’s chief lieutenants, surrendered in his home county with 40 men and promised to help bring in more, Col. Chester Harding reported.

Wednesday, May 20, 2015 2:00 pm05/20/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Friend seeks release of Jefferson Jones for sake of family

FULTON — Jefferson Jones, a once-wealthy farmer in prison since the previous summer on charges of being a member of a disloyal secret society, should be released to take care of his large family and to prove the era of...

Tuesday, May 19, 2015 2:00 pm05/19/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Harry Truman gets 20 soldiers for plan to bring in guerrillas

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge reversed his decision denying Harry Truman a squad of 20 mounted men to secure the surrender of guerrilla bands in north Missouri, a move that paired the notorious killer with an officer who...

Monday, May 18, 2015 2:00 pm05/18/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Gen. Dodge denies Truman's demand that soldiers slaughter guerrillas

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge ordered Lt. A.J. Harding not to honor Harry Truman’s demand for 20 men to carry out his plans for obtaining the surrender of guerrillas to execute them.

Sunday, May 17, 2015 12:00 am05/17/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Harry Truman demands 20 soldiers to aid him in scheme to slaughter guerrillas

MACON — Harry Truman claimed authority to use 20 soldiers for his scheme to lure all the guerrillas of North Missouri together to surrender and kill them, Lt. A.J. Harding, aide-de-camp to Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk, wrote to Union headquarters...

Saturday, May 16, 2015 12:00 am05/16/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Harry Truman outlines scheme to kill guerrillas after surrender

MACON — Notorious Unionist killer Harry Truman proposed a plan for obtaining the surrender of all guerrillas in north Missouri, gathering them together in one location and killing them en masse.

Friday, May 15, 2015 2:00 pm05/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Switzler speaks against proposed constitution at Fulton church

FULTON — A “large and intelligent audience” gathered in the Christian Church to hear Columbia publisher William Switzler denounce the proposed Missouri Constitution, the Missouri Telegraph reported, calling his remarks “the best speech of the many we ever heard the...

Thursday, May 14, 2015 2:00 pm05/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Militiaman's son secures loyalty papers in quest to retrieve stolen horse

MEXICO — The son of a veteran militia soldier seeking return of a horse in the hands of the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry secured paperwork that proved his father was loyal to the Union and entitled to the return...

Wednesday, May 13, 2015 2:00 pm05/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Black Missouri troops fire final shots of Civil War

BROWNSVILLE, Texas — Confederate forces defeated an attempt by Union troops, including a regiment of black Missouri soldiers heavily recruited in Central Missouri, to take their campsites on the approach to this Texas port.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015 2:00 pm05/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Editorial praises progress on Columbia parking enforcement issues

COLUMBIA — The Missouri Statesman praised newly elected city officials for a crackdown on illegal parking along Broadway by fining people hitching horses to trees, boxes and posts along the sidewalk.

Monday, May 11, 2015 2:00 pm05/11/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader Arch Clement demands surrender of Lexington

LEXINGTON — Arch Clement, chief lieutenant to William “Bloody Bill” Anderson during the bloody summer of 1864, demanded surrender of the garrison at this place, warning the town would be burned and the soldiers massacred if they resisted.

Sunday, May 10, 2015 12:00 am05/10/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Pope warns assessment in Callaway would 'entirely upset' plan to end martial law

ST. LOUIS — The attempt to re-establish civilian rule in Missouri would be destroyed if War Department orders to assess $11,000 damages on the Callaway County neighbors of James Martien were enforced, Maj. Gen. John Pope wrote to Secretary of...

Saturday, May 9, 2015 12:00 am05/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Island farmers seek exception to ban on small boats

BOONVILLE — Two families living on an island in the Missouri River asked to keep a small boat to trade in New Franklin and Boonville.

Friday, May 8, 2015 2:00 pm05/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Ambush leaves 3 dead after militia duped by rebels in federal uniforms

READSVILLE — A dozen guerrillas in Federal uniforms duped a squad of militia from Warren and Montgomery counties into believing they, too, were militia, before opening fire at close range with their revolvers.

Thursday, May 7, 2015 2:00 pm05/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Peace in Central Missouri depends on curbing Radical rage, newspaper reports

ST. LOUIS — Life was quiet but uneasy in Central Missouri, “a highly intelligent lady” returning to her home in Illinois from a visit to Moniteau County told the Daily Missouri Republican.

Wednesday, May 6, 2015 2:00 pm05/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Attorney feels blue over decision to leave Howard County home

GLASGOW — Attorney Thomas Shackelford was in a melancholy mood as he worked late into the evening writing a letter to his wife, Sarah.

Tuesday, May 5, 2015 2:00 pm05/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Scouting party claims success as guerrillas make moves toward river

STURGEON — A scouting party claimed to have killed one guerrilla and wounded two others in the Perche Hills as the reports of bushwhackers on the move multiplied and military leaders sought to keep a lid on affairs in the...

Monday, May 4, 2015 2:00 pm05/04/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Four guerrillas killed as they sleep at camp near Sturgeon

STURGEON — Three Macon County men allowed to seek personal revenge among the guerrillas shot Doc Hines, Bill Hines, Caleb Hines and Harvey Rucker as they slept in a campsite on Silver Fork Creek.

Sunday, May 3, 2015 12:00 am05/03/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrillas rob Providence after eluding pursuers at river crossing

PROVIDENCE — The rebels who eluded Capt. Arthur Putnam on an island in the Missouri River began replenishing their abandoned supplies at the stores of this Boone County port community.

Saturday, May 2, 2015 12:00 am05/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrillas elude Wisconsin troops on Missouri River island near Rocheport

BOONVILLE — A squad of Wisconsin infantry received its first taste of guerrilla fighting when 18 men found nine Confederates on an island in the Missouri River and then lost their quarry in the thick undergrowth.

Friday, May 1, 2015 2:00 pm05/01/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Howard County soldier assures grandmother of religious fidelity in letter

ST. LOUIS — Pvt. John Lynch of Howard County wrote a cheerful letter to his grandmother, telling her that he expected to obtain bonus money soon and a furlough to visit home as well.

Thursday, April 30, 2015 2:00 pm04/30/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Union authorities work to clear military prisons of low-risk inmates

ST. LOUIS — Prisoners deemed to be low risk were being released in large numbers by a board of examiners considering the case of every prisoner in Gratiot Street and Alton military prisons, the Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Wednesday, April 29, 2015 2:00 pm04/29/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rollins urges public action after third encounter with bushwhackers

HALLSVILLE — Former U.S. Rep. James Rollins survived another encounter with bushwhackers when Jim Jackson and three other men stopped the stagecoach from Centralia to Columbia.

Tuesday, April 28, 2015 2:00 pm04/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone Countians must 'take care of ourselves' when troops leave, editorial states

COLUMBIA — It was time for the residents of Boone County to recover “their lost manhood” and enforce the laws without military support, the Missouri Statesman declared in an editorial.

Monday, April 27, 2015 2:00 pm04/27/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Editorial denounces new constitution as 'unworthy of the American character'

MACON — The proposed Missouri Constitution, “offspring of the mad passion that swept over our state last year,” should be rejected by voters June 6, Publisher Francis Taylor wrote in the Macon Gazette.

Sunday, April 26, 2015 12:00 am04/26/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Troop deployments aim to block returning rebels south of Missouri River

WARRENSBURG — A heavy concentration of troops along the Missouri River was the best way to disrupt guerrilla bands and round up Confederate soldiers trying to return to their homes in north Missouri, Col. Chester Harding wrote in a dispatch...

Saturday, April 25, 2015 12:00 am04/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Military confiscates boats on Missouri River to hinder guerrilla crossings

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge ordered the confiscation of all boats on the Missouri River and creation of a pass system requiring anyone seeking to cross designated points to obtain military permission.

Friday, April 24, 2015 2:00 pm04/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County man shot on his farm by lone visitor seeking directions

COLUMBIA — William Ballard was shot after he told a stranger that the quickest way to Middletown was to cross his farm, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Thursday, April 23, 2015 2:00 pm04/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Officer seeks guidance on Fulton woman arrested for joking about Lincoln's death

FULTON — Lt. Gustavus Clemen asked for guidance in the case of Sarah Aldrich, a boarding housekeeper accused of saying she was glad to hear the news that President Abraham Lincoln had been killed.

Wednesday, April 22, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Mass meeting in Columbia mourns death of President Lincoln

COLUMBIA — William Switzler eulogized President Abraham Lincoln as a martyr to the cause of national unity and liberty in a speech to a mass meeting at the Boone County Courthouse.

Tuesday, April 21, 2015 2:00 pm04/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rollins urges action to block river crossings by returning guerrillas

COLUMBIA —Former U.S. Rep. James Rollins recommended seizing “every skiff, flat-boat, wood-boat, and ferry-boat” on the Missouri River to limit crossings by guerrillas and deserters returning from the south.

Monday, April 20, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Macon editor grieves for Lincoln as reward increased for Booth

MACON — The name of actor John Wilkes Booth, famous before April 14 for his performances of Shakespeare and other stage classics, “will ever be associated by the American people with unutterable infamy” for assassinating President Abraham Lincoln, Francis Taylor...

150 YEARS AGO: Gov. Fletcher seeks end to military rule in Boone and Callaway counties

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Thomas Fletcher notified Boone County Sheriff John Baker that he was trying to have the provost marshal and troops removed from the county, leaving law enforcement to Baker and a local home guard company.

150 YEARS AGO: Widow wounded by bullet meant for her son

COLUMBIA — George Sharp severely wounded a widow named Farthing when he fired repeatedly into her home in Terrapin Neck in an attempt to kill her son in a dispute over a saddle, the Missouri Statesman reported.

150 YEARS AGO: Past differences set aside as Missouri mourns death of Lincoln

COLUMBIA — The Missouri Statesman published an extra edition reporting the murder of President Abraham Lincoln and the attack on Secretary of State William Seward under a nine-deck headline that began “Startling Intellig’nce!”
Thursday, April 16, 2015 2:00 pm04/16/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Soldier reports Fulton woman for taking pleasure in Lincoln's death

FULTON — Sarah Aldrich offended one of the soldiers staying at her mother’s boarding house when she replied, “Well, I am glad of it,” when the soldier reported the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015 2:00 pm04/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: President Lincoln mortally wounded by famed actor John Wilkes Booth

WASHINGTON — President Abraham Lincoln was mortally wounded by famed actor John Wilkes Booth as a conspiracy unfolded that also left Secretary of State William Seward severely injured by an assassin wielding a knife.

Monday, April 13, 2015 2:00 pm04/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: War Department cancels draft, restrains purchases to cut war costs

WASHINGTON — The 240 men drafted April 5 from Boone County would not have to report for duty under orders from the War Department, which took steps to cut expenses after the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Friday, April 12, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Power to 'drift quietly' into civilian hands in north Missouri

ST. LOUIS — Martial law should end across most of north Missouri without any public notice, Maj. Gen. John Pope wrote to Gov. Thomas Fletcher.

Saturday, April 11, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Odon Guitar, disappointed for Congress, to lead Columbia town board

COLUMBIA — Former Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar was elected president of the Columbia Board of Trustees, a position far below the one he aspired for five months earlier in a bid for Congress.

Friday, April 10, 2015 2:00 pm04/10/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Randolph County militia tracks bushwhackers across northern Missouri

ALEXANDRIA — A squad of Randolph County militia caught Bob Rucker, James Rucker and Jim Matlock as they stepped off a ferryboat taking them to Illinois and, they had expected, safety from pursuit.

Thursday, April 9, 2015 2:00 pm04/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House

APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE, Va. — Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Lt. Gen. Ulysses Grant, ending resistance by the largest and most feared Confederate military force and leader.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015 2:00 pm04/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Moniteau County man murdered at home by four assailants

CALIFORNIA, Mo. — James Hildebrand was murdered by a gang of four men at his home 12 miles southwest of this place after attempting to hold off the marauders with a shotgun, the Weekly California News reported.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015 2:00 pm04/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Columbia infrastructure needs top priority for new officials, editorial states

COLUMBIA — City officials need to pay more attention to infrastructure repair and improvement needs, the Missouri Statesman declared in commentary on the elections that brought five prominent citizens into office as town trustees.

Monday, April 6, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Columbia celebrates fall of Confederate capital

COLUMBIA — Fireworks, illuminations and artillery fire celebrated the fall of Richmond and the important rail junction of Petersburg, Va., signals that the Confederacy was teetering and peace soon would return, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Sunday, April 5, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Draft taps 240 men from Boone County for Union Army service

ST. CHARLES—The latest federal draft called for 240 men from Boone County to report for duty with the Union Army, a list that included three men in Confederate service, three men who were dead and 11 who had left the...

Thursday, April 2, 2015 2:00 pm04/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Union attacks break rebel lines, Confederate government flees Richmond

RICHMOND, Va. — Confederate President Jefferson Davis turned pale when a dispatch from Gen. Robert E. Lee advising “that all preparation be made for leaving Richmond tonight” reached him during services at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church.

Wednesday, April 1, 2015 2:00 pm04/01/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Cooper County exile writes sorrowful letter to daughter in Texas

PARIS, Canada West — Nancy Chapman Jones longed for her family to be reunited but also worried about the loss of their extensive Missouri holdings, the Cooper County refugee wrote to her daughter Mary McCarthy in Texas.

Tuesday, March 31, 2015 2:00 pm03/31/2015

150 YEARS AGO: General writes there are '100 families ... who ought to emigrate or die'

MACON — After arresting Capt. John Meredith for the murder of a civilian and the burning of five houses, Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk tried to explain, if not justify, his actions during a recent nine-day scouting expedition through Boone and...

Monday, March 30, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Bushwhacker murders two black men for leaving former owners

COTE SANS DESSEIN — Warren Martin, who signed himself the “Young Hellion of Callaway County,” claimed responsibility for the murder of two black men working for wages in a notice warning all blacks to remain with the families that had...

Sunday, March 29, 2015 12:00 am03/29/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Chariton County woman accused of riding with bushwhackers

GLASGOW — In a rare story of women riding and robbing with bushwhackers, Eliza Decker of Chariton County was accused of participating in the theft of a pistol and ammunition at the home of F.W. Sturman by Matilda Mock, Sturman’s...

Saturday, March 28, 2015 12:00 am03/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Report on killing, burning by soldiers draws sharp reaction from commanders

MACON — Capt. John Meredith’s detailed report of his actions against civilians in Boone and Howard counties caused alarm among military leaders trying to inspire peace, not vengeance, in the countryside.

Friday, March 27, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: State Convention blocks efforts to secure voting rights for blacks

ST. LOUIS — Hopes that the State Convention would grant political rights to former slaves faded when members voted down a proposal tying limited rights for blacks to a liberal allowance for voting by immigrants, then debated whether to strip...

Thursday, March 26, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Large guerrilla band reported moving east toward Central Missouri

GLASGOW — The largest concentration of guerrilla fighters reported in Missouri River counties since late fall 1864 was riding through Lafayette County with intentions of crossing the river near Waverly, Clark Green reported to Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015 2:00 pm03/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Slavery's 'expiring agonies' cause upheaval, hardship in Central Missouri

MACON — The cruelty of dispossessed slaveowners was causing widespread hardship as blacks fled the countryside in terror, only to find wretched living conditions and no work available in garrisoned towns, Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk wrote.

Tuesday, March 24, 2015 2:00 pm03/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rope breaks during hanging of Boone County rebel

ST. LOUIS — A frayed rope snapped during the execution of William Harris of Boone County, horrifying spectators who watched his body crash onto brick pavement under the scaffolding at Gratiot Street Prison.

Monday, March 23, 2015 2:00 pm03/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: General sets date for hanging Boone County rebel

ST. LOUIS — The execution of William Harris of Boone County, condemned to hang for being a guerrilla by a military commission, was ordered to take place the next day after weeks of efforts to win him a new hearing.

Sunday, March 22, 2015 12:00 am03/22/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Delegate satirizes State Convention actions, personalities

ST. LOUIS — The vote to vacate all judicial offices and allow delegates to be eligible for the newly opened jobs meant “virtue and public morals are dead, and that the great Missouri State Convention killed them,” delegate Eugene Williams...

Saturday, March 21, 2015 12:00 am03/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Failure to stop Jackson a bad omen for future peace, Fisk writes

MACON — The failure to capture or kill Jim Jackson, leader of a small gang of guerrillas, was a bad sign for the coming warm weather, when bushwhacking was expected to intensify, Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk wrote to newly appointed...

Friday, March 20, 2015 2:00 pm03/20/2015

150 YEARS AGO: General fears warm weather means return of guerrillas

MACON — Only a civilian population determined to end guerrilla warfare could bring peace to north Missouri, and there was no evidence attitudes were changing in counties near the Missouri River, Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk wrote to Gov. Thomas Fletcher...

Thursday, March 19, 2015 2:00 pm03/19/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County woman investigated for ties to guerrillas

COLUMBIA — Winifred Mosely of Boone County provided a welcoming home for “Bloody Bill” Anderson and a rebel Capt. Todd, who courted the young widow throughout the summer of 1864, freedman John Mosely told Provost Marshal Hugh Bradley.

Wednesday, March 18, 2015 2:00 pm03/18/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Petitioners supported man accused of kidnapping blacks for army

BOONVILLE — Thomas Mercer of Cooper County, accused of kidnapping black men and selling them into military service as substitutes for whites, was endorsed in a petition as “a Radical Union man without any taint of suspicion of sympathy for...

Tuesday, March 17, 2015 2:00 pm03/17/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Union commander continues move to civilian rule in Missouri

ST. LOUIS — The transition from martial law to civilian rule continued with orders from Maj. Gen. John Pope declaring the military would cease interfering in the internal affairs of counties where the courts were functioning.

Monday, March 16, 2015 2:00 pm03/16/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Moniteau County woman seeks protection from lawsuit filed by 'big old Rebel'

CALIFORNIA — Margaret Holloway wrote to Gov. Thomas Fletcher asking him to intervene to save her home from a doctor, “a big old Rebel,” who was suing to collect her husband’s medical bills.

Sunday, March 15, 2015 12:00 am03/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Militia officer recommends against releasing 'dangerous women'

HUNTSVILLE — Mary Turner and Mary Hunt were “dangerous women” who fed and sheltered an executed deserter and a condemned guerrilla and should not be released, Col. Alexander Denny wrote to Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk.

Saturday, March 14, 2015 12:00 am03/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Soldiers burn Howard County home, order owner to leave the state

PERCHE HILLS — A squad of the 39th Missouri Infantry completed its spree of destruction in Boone and Howard counties by torching the home of Bozewell Maxwell, a successful farmer and sawmill owner, and ordering him to leave the state,...

Friday, March 13, 2015 2:00 pm03/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Soldiers continue attacks on civilians in Blackfoot Hills area

BLACKFOOT HILLS — Capt. John Meredith ordered his men to burn two more houses and the residents to leave the state after learning they had provided shelter to guerrillas.

Thursday, March 12, 2015 2:00 pm03/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Tax for guerrilla murder victim collects more than $3,000 in Boone County

COLUMBIA — A special tax to compensate a widowed mother for the loss of her son, murdered by “Bloody Bill” Anderson’s guerrillas, had raised $3,261.44, Capt. Henry Cook reported as he sent the money to Macon for safekeeping.

Wednesday, March 11, 2015 2:00 pm03/11/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Farmer testifies on rude behavior, thefts by soldiers

COLUMBIA — Soldiers left without the supervision of an officer forced their way into the home of Arthur Clarkson, took over his wife’s bedroom and stole clothing and cooking utensils before they left, Clarkson said in a sworn statement to...

Tuesday, March 10, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Troops hang man at Dripping Spring as example to rebel sympathizers

DRIPPING SPRING — Union soldiers hanged Joseph Graves for being an unapologetic Confederate sympathizer as they continued an expedition in search of the murderous guerrilla Jim Jackson.

Monday, March 9, 2015 2:00 pm03/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Soldiers burn home of man who gave socks, eggs in aid of guerrillas

EASTERN HOWARD COUNTY — Anthony Drane gave eggs and socks to visitors he believed to be guerrillas in the morning, and in the afternoon, when he learned he helped soldiers in disguise, his house was burned.

Sunday, March 8, 2015 12:00 am03/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Military leader writes to Lincoln about end of martial law in Missouri

ST. LOUIS — Missouri needed to be weaned off martial law, but military rule in the state would not end with a sudden proclamation, Maj. Gen. John Pope wrote to President Abraham Lincoln.

Saturday, March 7, 2015 12:00 am03/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Squad of 20 soldiers scouts Blackfoot Hills 'to hunt down' Jackson

GLASGOW — To satisfy orders from Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk, Col. Edward Kutzner ordered Capt. John Meredith to take 20 men “to hunt down the notorious guerrilla Jim Jackson and his nefarious band, and all other bushwhackers.”

Friday, March 6, 2015 2:00 pm03/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Convention declares vacancy in seat of member charged with disloyalty

ST. LOUIS — After four days of debate, the State Convention voted 30-16 to declare the Third Senate District delegate seat of Thomas Harris to be vacant, which expelled Harris without forcing members to vote that they believed the weak...

Thursday, March 5, 2015 2:00 pm03/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader Holtzclaw reported traveling west across Iowa

HANNIBAL — Clifton Holtzclaw of Howard County, an early adherent to the rebel cause and a feared guerrilla leader during the summer and fall of 1864, spent the winter in Pike County, Ill., under the name Miller, Col. John Morrill...

Wednesday, March 4, 2015 2:00 pm03/04/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lincoln asks nation to accept war's cost as payment for sin of slavery

WASHINGTON — President Abraham Lincoln called on Americans to accept the pain and hardship of the Civil War as punishment for the national sin of slavery in a brief but profound inaugural address to begin his second term.

Tuesday, March 3, 2015 2:00 pm03/03/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Abolitionists blamed for high death toll in Columbia among freed blacks

COLUMBIA — Black residents living in poverty and cramped quarters were dying at an accelerating rate, with three corpses taken to the cemetery at the same time for burial, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Monday, March 2, 2015 2:00 pm03/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Governor opens discussion of ending martial law in Missouri

ST. LOUIS — Gov. Thomas Fletcher opened a public discussion of ending martial law in Missouri with a written request to Maj. Gen. John Pope to describe the military situation in the state.

Sunday, March 1, 2015 12:00 am03/01/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Harris presents defense as State Convention debates ouster over disloyalty

ST. LOUIS — Delegate Thomas Harris of Callaway County said a key witness in the Radical Republicans’ disloyalty case against him was a former friend who owed him money and refused to pay.

Saturday, February 28, 2015 12:00 am02/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Commander reports freed blacks in Columbia 'dying very rapidly' in cramped quarters

COLUMBIA — Wretched living conditions for freed blacks in town and well-placed fears of remaining in the countryside did not justify arming blacks for self-protection, Capt. Henry Cook wrote in response to a plan by attorney Francis Russell to organize...

Friday, February 27, 2015 2:00 pm02/27/2015

150 YEARS AGO: State Convention votes to racially segregate Missouri schools

ST. LOUIS — The State Convention agreed by a single vote to allow segregated public schools but did not settle the question during a debate that consumed most of the body’s 43rd day in session.

Thursday, February 26, 2015 2:00 pm02/26/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Officer describes gunplay in Centralia over missing bridle

NEW ORLEANS — Capt. Edwin Sherburn, an Iowa officer who witnessed gunplay over a bridle in Centralia, reported it had nothing to do with politics until Joseph Collier, wounded in the thumb, “accused me of standing by and allowing rebels...

Wednesday, February 25, 2015 2:00 pm02/25/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Inmate reveals weariness in letter from Alton prison

ALTON — James Moad of Callaway County thanked Bettie Stewart of Boone County for a letter that brightened his dreary existence as a political prisoner.

Tuesday, February 24, 2015 2:00 pm02/24/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Radicals renew effort to oust Callaway delegate from convention

ST. LOUIS — Radicals staged another attempt to remove delegate Thomas Harris of Callaway County from the State Convention for disloyalty, and he again objected to being accused with evidence he had never seen.

Monday, February 23, 2015 2:00 pm02/23/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Switzler defends Boone County against accusations of disloyalty

ST. LOUIS — Boone County delegate William Switzler defended the county’s honor during debate on an ouster and amnesty ordinance that would remove all judicial officers and protect soldiers from prosecution for war crimes.

Sunday, February 22, 2015 12:00 am02/22/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Officer muses about coincidental arrival of substitute brokers, campaign to drive out blacks

COLUMBIA — The decision by guerrilla Jim Jackson to target blacks in a terror campaign to drive them from Central Missouri was difficult to understand unless it was a conspiracy to create a business opportunity, Capt. Henry Cook of the...

Saturday, February 21, 2015 12:00 am02/21/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County man lynched as part of terror campaign against blacks

COLUMBIA — Boone County recorded its first post-emancipation lynching when a black man named Lewis was hanged from a beam mounted over his former master’s gateposts, killed as an example to terrorize other blacks into leaving the county.

Friday, February 20, 2015 2:00 pm02/20/2015

150 YEARS AGO: New law eased admission rules for indigent students at school for deaf

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Thomas Fletcher signed a bill granting several priorities of the State Deaf and Dumb Asylum in Fulton, including the creation of a $2,000-per-year indigent fund available to all new students.

Thursday, February 19, 2015 2:00 pm02/19/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Prisoner seeks to enlist in army to avoid manslaughter charges

ST. LOUIS — Hermann Illig of Callaway County pleaded for a chance to join the Union army to escape a prison sentence for manslaughter.

Wednesday, February 18, 2015 2:00 pm02/18/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Bill eliminating most anti-black provisions in state law sent to governor

JEFFERSON CITY — Free black people wanting to live in Missouri would no longer need licenses issued by a court after proof of good character to do so. They also would no longer have to fear legally authorized night patrols,...

Tuesday, February 17, 2015 2:00 pm02/17/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway resident pleads for son's release in letter to President Lincoln

CALLAWAY COUNTY — George Criswell pleaded for the release of his son in a letter to President Abraham Lincoln, writing that as a teenager of 18 he was afraid to disobey orders to report for conscription into the Confederate army.

Monday, February 16, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway man sees 'foulest corruption' in adverse report on claims against neighbors

ST. LOUIS — Only the “foulest corruption” could explain findings in an investigative report that his family had no cause to seek damages against Callaway County neighbors, James Martien wrote to Provost Marshal General J.H. Baker.

Sunday, February 15, 2015 12:00 am02/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Widow's life endangered by anxiety over arrest for boarding Anderson sisters

FAYETTE — Susan Bass’ anxiety “that she has been guilty of a great crime” for boarding two of “Bloody Bill” Anderson’s sisters was killing her, physician L.A. Wisely wrote to Provost Marshal General J.H. Baker.

Saturday, February 14, 2015 12:00 am02/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: State cannot aid disabled widow, Senate committee reports

JEFFERSON CITY — The state could do nothing to assist Magdalen Wagner, the widowed and disabled mother of a man killed by bushwhackers, except provide directly for her support, which it had no power to do, the Senate Claims Committee...

Friday, February 13, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Wounded guerrilla predicts his own death as he seeks medical help

COLUMBIA — Harvey Rucker, who lost an arm in 1864 to wounds received attempting to board a steamboat, was seen looking for a doctor to treat a new wound to the abdomen received the previous day, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Thursday, February 12, 2015 2:00 pm02/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Three guerrillas, one soldier killed in clash near Perche Creek

COLUMBIA — A Federal squad of 18 men discovered the winter quarters of guerrilla leader Jim Carter and his men, attacking in darkness and killing three, including Carter, at a cost of one dead and one man wounded.

Wednesday, February 11, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Editorial complains taxpayers suffering costs, boredom from lengthy State Convention

ST. LOUIS — The State Convention was in session for the 30th day with no end in sight and nothing but a large bill for state taxpayers to show for its efforts, the Daily Missouri Republican complained in an editorial.

Tuesday, February 10, 2015 2:00 pm02/10/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Randolph County woman seeks permission for move to Texas with son

CAIRO — Melvina Richardson accepted Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge’s invitation to disloyal people to move South, asking for clarification of the orders offering passes for travel through the federal lines.

Monday, February 9, 2015 2:00 pm02/09/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Switzler argues for white supremacy to keep blacks out of General Assembly

ST. LOUIS — Proponents of equal political rights for freedmen fought unsuccessfully throughout the day to allow blacks to serve in the General Assembly.

Sunday, February 8, 2015 12:00 am02/08/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader Jackson warns freed slaves to leave Boone County or die

STURGEON — Two cavalry troopers were wounded in a skirmish with Jim Jackson and a small band of guerrillas just before nightfall, Lt. Luther Hayman reported in a telegram sent at 10 p.m.

Saturday, February 7, 2015 12:00 am02/07/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Audrain County man seeks military permission to move to Oregon

MEXICO — Benjamin Canterbury, arrested in December 1864 as an accomplice of horse thieves James T. and John Lindsay, asked for permission to go to Oregon, possibly because his Radical neighbors had targeted him for harassment or death.

Friday, February 6, 2015 2:00 pm02/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Columbia lawmakers among few who oppose 13th Amendment to end slavery

JEFFERSON CITY — Columbia’s lawmakers stood almost alone in opposition to the proposed 13th Amendment ending slavery in the United States, as Missouri became the eighth state to ratify the amendment.

Thursday, February 5, 2015 2:00 pm02/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Howard County woman offers tobacco, geese as property to secure her bond

FAYETTE — Susan Bass was so happy to be home that she had forgotten about some valuable property when she listed her assets while a prisoner in St. Louis, she told authorities.

Wednesday, February 4, 2015 2:00 pm02/04/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Convention leader proposes compromise on black voting rights

ST. LOUIS — State Convention President Arnold Krekel proposed a compromise plan to allow limited black suffrage, extending voting rights to veterans and blacks literate enough to convince a judge they could read the Constitution of the United States.

Tuesday, February 3, 2015 2:00 pm02/03/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Peace talks fail as Lincoln holds fast on reunion, emancipation

HAMPTON ROADS, Va. — President Abraham Lincoln met three Confederate leaders — Vice President Alexander Stephens, Assistant Secretary of War John Campbell and Sen. Robert Hunter of Virginia — in a futile effort to end the war that was approaching...

Monday, February 2, 2015 2:00 pm02/02/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County man ordered into exile is 'quiet and orderly,' lawmakers write

JEFFERSON CITY — Three Boone County members of the General Assembly vouched for Jonathan McKinney as a “good, upright, peaceable, quiet and orderly citizen” in their affidavits on his behalf.

Sunday, February 1, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Convention debates likelihood of woman or black Missouri governor

ST. LOUIS — State Convention delegates discussed whether a black or a woman ever could be elected governor as they debated whether the Missouri Constitution needed an explicit clause limiting the office to white men.

Saturday, January 31, 2015 12:00 am01/31/2015

150 YEARS AGO: U.S. House votes to submit amendment abolishing slavery to states

WASHINGTON — With seven of Missouri’s nine members voting with the majority, the U.S. House of Representatives voted 119-56 to submit a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery to the states for ratification.

Friday, January 30, 2015 2:00 pm01/30/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Radical Republicans debate limits on disenfranchising political foes

ST. LOUIS — Radical Republicans in the State Convention argued throughout the day over how far they could go to prevent their political opponents from voting, working or living in the state.

Thursday, January 29, 2015 2:00 pm01/29/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Governor seeks permission to create military force for state service

JEFFERSON CITY — With Missouri facing a draft of more than 13,000 men in two weeks, Gov. Thomas Fletcher asked for permission to create a force of that size to stay in the state to protect it against the expected...

Wednesday, January 28, 2015 2:00 pm01/28/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Woman accused of keeping 'house of ill fame' denies aiding guerrillas

ST. LOUIS — Isabella Fox denied holding dances for bushwhackers at her home and claimed she had never willingly helped guerrillas who began stopping at her house for food in September 1864.

Tuesday, January 27, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: House Speaker opposes voting rights for newly freed blacks

JEFFERSON CITY — House Speaker Walter Lovelace argued against voting rights for blacks and against interracial marriage during an hourlong speech “of great force and eloquence” on a resolution addressing the State Convention, the Missouri State Times reported.

Monday, January 26, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway man sentenced to 5 years in penitentiary for bushwhacking

ST. LOUIS — Joel Potts of Callaway County would serve five years in the Missouri State Penitentiary for stealing a gun and two years for shooting a man, Maj. Gen. Granville Dodge decided.

Sunday, January 25, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway woman unjustly accusing neighbors, detective reports

MEXICO — Frances Martien had no just claim against her neighbors, who she accused of harassing her and running off her farm hands, U.S. Detective James Pickett concluded after taking depositions from men who said they had worked but not...

Saturday, January 24, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Howard County woman informed on 'Bloody Bill' Anderson's sisters

ST. LOUIS — Susan Bass, a widow who sheltered “Bloody Bill” Anderson’s sisters on her Howard County farm, told military investigators that she engineered the girls’ arrest after learning their true identity.

Friday, January 23, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: War Department orders prompt release of Union bushwhacker 'Capt. Harry Truman'

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Thomas Fletcher offered a $300 reward for the apprehension of fugitive Boonville Mayor Henry McDearmon, wanted for killing former soldier Henry Hillsman during an attempted arrest.

Thursday, January 22, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Covert effort underway to release 'Capt. Harry Truman' from prison

HUNTSVILLE — A mysterious note in the Provost Marshal records shows somebody was agitating for the release of Jacob Terman, alias Harry Truman, who was being held in Alton Military Prison on an indefinite sentence after dodging execution for killing...

Wednesday, January 21, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Cooper County sheriff issues arrest alert for fugitive Boonville mayor

BOONVILLE — Cooper County Sheriff William Woolery issued an alert for fugitive Boonville Mayor Henry McDearmon, asking police in St. Louis and other large communities to arrest him on a charge of murder if found.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Politicians exempt from militia duty should pay higher taxes, Missouri Senate decides

JEFFERSON CITY — An income tax to fund the military would fall heaviest on politicians exempt from duty on account of their offices, including senators and congressmen, the St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Monday, January 19, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Convention approves strong anti-discrimination article for legal and economic rights

ST. LOUIS — Racial equality stopped at the wedding altar, the State Convention decided as it completed work on the anti-discrimination section of the “Declaration of Rights” that would be the first article of a new state constitution.

Sunday, January 18, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Author of civil rights provision says issue will define State Convention

ST. LOUIS — The State Convention again debated whether to outlaw racial discrimination to secure the economic, social and legal rights of blacks freed a week earlier.

Saturday, January 17, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Officer seeks permission to feed poor Jefferson City families

JEFFERSON CITY — Capt. Cyrus Missemer asked for orders allowing him to feed 64 women and children “in very destitute circumstances” who met the loyalty requirements for assistance from the military.

Friday, January 16, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Proposed state Bill of Rights falls short on full black equality

ST. LOUIS — Newly freed blacks would obtain most social, economic and legal rights but not the right to vote under proposed articles for a revised state constitution that also severely restricted the political, legal and economic rights of disloyal...

Thursday, January 15, 2015 2:00 pm01/15/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Switzler urges national emancipation to follow end of slavery in Missouri

ST. LOUIS — In a letter to U.S. Rep. James Rollins, William Switzler endorsed a federal constitutional amendment to abolish slavery now that Missouri had abolished it within the state’s borders.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015 2:00 pm01/14/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Editorial urges moving University of Missouri to Jefferson City

JEFFERSON CITY — The University of Missouri was a failure in Columbia, where it had been nurtured by the wealth of slave owners and imbued with their views, the Missouri State Times stated in an editorial urging a new start...

Tuesday, January 13, 2015 2:00 pm01/13/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Rollins declares support for emancipation, equal rights for blacks

WASHINGTON — Two days after losing his slaves, U.S. Rep. James Rollins endorsed the proposed 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would end slavery throughout the nation.

Monday, January 12, 2015 2:00 pm01/12/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County should be made 'too hot' for the disloyal, officer recommends

COLUMBIA — Danger lurked in the countryside for any man who dared take part in organizing Unionist home guard companies for Boone County, Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass wrote in a letter urging more patience from military officials.

Sunday, January 11, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Missouri State Convention ends slavery, withholds rights for freed blacks

ST. LOUIS — The political struggle over slavery, a source of national controversy at the birth of the state and the cause of a war that had engulfed it in a bitter guerrilla conflict, ended for Missouri when the State...

Saturday, January 10, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla Jim Jackson reported badly wounded in skirmish with Federals

GLASGOW — For the second time in a week, guerrilla leader Jim Jackson was reportedly wounded while escaping a Union patrol, last seen without boots or hat, bleeding from his left leg and unable to keep his right foot in...

Friday, January 9, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Friends claim Howard County man aided rebels out of fear, not friendship

FAYETTE — Friends of Porter Jackman tried to save the aging farmer from another arrest with testimony that he was an excitable old man who wanted to do the right thing.

Thursday, January 8, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Union commander issues order promising exile for guerrilla supporters

ST. LOUIS — Missourians must choose loyalty or leave the state, Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge wrote in an order that left no room for neutrality.

Wednesday, January 7, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Lawmakers pass bill allowing black children in St. Louis to attend school

JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri House voted to allow black children to attend public schools in St. Louis, breaking a hole in Slave Code laws that barred blacks, slave or free, from attending schools.

Tuesday, January 6, 2015 2:00 pm01/06/2015

150 YEARS AGO: Lunatic Asylum seeks earmarked funding to care for mentally ill

FULTON — The State Lunatic Asylum had admitted 185 patients since resuming operations in 1863, Superintendent Turner R.H. Smith wrote in his biennial report on operations of the hospital.

Monday, January 5, 2015 2:00 pm01/05/2015

150 YEARS AGO: House votes to oust Senator, wife from Capitol quarters to make committee space

JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri House voted to have four rooms in the Capitol — including one used as living quarters by a senator and his wife — prepared for use as committee rooms.

Sunday, January 4, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: House votes unanimously to expel Callaway County lawmaker for disloyalty

JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri House rejected the resignation of John Sampson of Callaway County to enable the body to expel him on charges he was a secessionist in 1861 and therefore unqualified to hold his seat.

Saturday, January 3, 2015 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Howard County woman admits harboring sisters of 'Bloody Bill' Anderson

HOWARD COUNTY — Polly Jackman, the aunt of Confederate cavalry leader Col. Sidney Jackman, admitted to a federal detective that she and her husband sheltered guerrilla leader William “Bloody Bill” Anderson, his brother Jim Anderson and their sisters in the...

Friday, January 2, 2015 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Thomas Fletcher inaugurated as first Republican governor

JEFFERSON CITY — The inauguration of Gov. Thomas Fletcher ushered in a new era of Missouri politics, as the Republican Party took control of state government for the first time with a Radical majority determined to dominate the post-war era.

Thursday, January 1, 2015 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Property assessments fall after slaves removed from rolls, auditor reports

JEFFERSON CITY — The value of property subject to taxes fell 10 percent in one year in seven Central Missouri counties because of a law removing slaves from tax assessments, the annual report of the state auditor showed.


Wednesday, December 31, 2014 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Deaf asylum superintendent asks lawmakers to ease rules for poor students

FULTON — Flexibility to raise tuition and an easier process to qualify indigent students for state aid were the top priorities in the fifth biennial report on the operations of the Missouri Institute for the Education of the Deaf and...

Tuesday, December 30, 2014 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Switzler questions claims by four men they were unwilling rebel conscripts

COLUMBIA — Four federal prisoners, two at Cairo, Ill., and two in Gratiot Street Prison, all claiming to be unwilling conscripts in the Confederate army, were known to be disloyal and at least one had spent the summer as a...

Monday, December 29, 2014 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Sharp debate follows St. Louis offer to host legislative session

JEFFERSON CITY — An invitation from St. Louis Mayor James Thompson to move General Assembly and state officers to St. Louis sparked debates in both chambers, with the House effectively killing the proposal and the Senate ending the day undecided.

Sunday, December 28, 2014 at 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Debt, crime and race issues dominate state agenda, outgoing governor warns

JEFFERSON CITY — Missouri faced staggering debt and swindling railroad officers to go along with the problems of crime and race aggravated by the war, outgoing provisional Gov. Willard Hall wrote in a farewell message to the General Assembly.

Saturday, December 27, 2014 at 12:30 am150 YEARS AGO: New House Speaker sees tough racial and economic issues facing state

JEFFERSON CITY — The work of the 23rd General Assembly would be difficult but lawmakers would also make history as they assisted Missouri in its transition from war to peace and slavery to freedom, newly elected House Speaker Walter Lovelace...

Friday, December 26, 2014 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Official tells lawmakers denying education to blacks would make freedom a 'mockery'

JEFFERSON CITY — Missouri must open its public schools to black students, both as a means of preparing them for citizenship and as a matter of justice, “for they are still human beings, having mind and soul,” Secretary of State...

Wednesday, December 24, 2014 at 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Confederate Gov. Reynolds accuses Gen. Price of drunken incompetence

SHREVEPORT, La. — Maj. Gen. Sterling Price traveled in drunken luxury, showed no military ability and allowed his men to loot the countryside, Confederate Gov. Thomas Reynolds wrote in a lengthy indictment of the invasion of Missouri, sent to Price...

Wednesday, December 24, 2014 2:00 pm12/24/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Guerrilla leader James Jackson reportedly terrorizes Chariton County

MACON — Murders by guerrilla leader James Jackson and his small band of followers caused alarm among Union officers who had hoped that winter would bring peace to north Missouri.

Tuesday, December 23, 2014 2:00 pm12/23/2014
150 YEARS AGO: Newspaper endorses banishing 'active' rebel sympathizers from Boone County

COLUMBIA — Conservative Unionist William Switzler endorsed mass banishment to rid Boone County and the state of men and women who “actively or willingly” supported the rebellion but drew the line at removing peaceful supporters of the Confederacy.

Monday, December 22, 2014 2:00 pm12/22/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Bushwhackers 'have complete possession' of Boone County, officer writes

COLUMBIA — Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass pleaded again for a cavalry company to be stationed at Columbia to provide protection to loyal families and arrest “quite a number of bad men” when they attended holiday parties.

Sunday, December 21, 2014 12:00 am12/21/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Union commander pushes for permission to banish rebels from Missouri

ST. LOUIS — Maj. Gen. Granville Dodge sought official sanction for his plan to banish thousands of civilians from Missouri to cut off support for guerrillas and convince their neighbors that there was no future for rebels in the state.

Saturday, December 20, 2014 12:00 am12/20/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Arrested Fulton editor sent to Macon for questioning over critical letter

FULTON — Newspaper editor John Williams, under arrest for publishing a letter critical of Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk, was sent to Macon for a decision in his case by District Provost Marshal R.A. DeBolt.

Friday, December 19, 2014 2:00 pm12/19/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Lincoln calls for 300,000 more men to replenish Union armies

WASHINGTON — President Abraham Lincoln called for another 300,000 men to bolster Union armies, to be filled either from volunteers or a draft that would commence Feb. 15, 1865.

Thursday, December 18, 2014 2:00 pm12/18/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Fayette woman writes to husband of fears for family's future

FAYETTE — On a rainy Sunday night, Bettie Pritchett unburdened herself in a letter to her husband far away that opened with an apology for writing so often and with so much indecision.

Wednesday, December 17, 2014 2:00 pm12/17/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Boone County soldier arrested in St. Louis for selling stolen mule

ST. LOUIS — Pvt. John White of Boone County was committed to jail on charges of stealing a mule in Callaway County that he sold in St. Louis for $100, the Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014 2:00 pm12/16/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Estate offers slaves for rent during 1865 despite likely emancipation

COLUMBIA — A man, two women and an unknown number of children, property of the estate of Durrett Hubbard, would be offered for hire during 1865 in a probate sale to be held New Year’s Day at Hubbard’s farm east...

Monday, December 15, 2014 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Provost marshal protests transfer of clerk from Callaway County

FULTON—Newly appointed Provost Marshal Israel Stewart protested news that he would lose his clerk, Hiram Cornell, due to a planned transfer to Chillicothe.

Sunday, December 14, 2014 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Arrest of Fulton publisher ordered for letter insulting Gen. Fisk

MACON—Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk, offended by an insulting letter from an officer in his command printed under a psuedonym in the Fulton Missouri Telegraph, ordered the arrest of publisher John Williams.

Saturday, December 13, 2014 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Trial clears Callaway County militia officer of disloyalty charges

ST. LOUIS—Isaac D. Snedecor, one-time provost marshal at Fulton who had been held for nine months on charges of “giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States,” was released after a trial that produced no significant evidence...

Friday, December 12, 2014 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Cavalry officer denounces Rosecrans in letter to Fulton newspaper

MACON — A junior officer used the assurance of anonymity to excoriate Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans, replaced three days earlier as commander of the Department of the Missouri.

Thursday, December 11, 2014 2:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Officials call for cavalry to enforce laws in Boone County

COLUMBIA — Arresting criminals and rounding up draft dodgers in Boone County was impossible without military help, Sheriff John Baker and Assistant Provost Marshal J.T. Redmond wrote in a letter asking for local men in the 9th Missouri State Militia...

Wednesday, December 10, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Callaway County POW asks mother to visit with money, clothing and food

ALTON — Prisoner of war William Scott of Callaway County wrote to his mother that he was well and in good health since leaving home to join Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army.

Tuesday, December 9, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Union officials threaten mass banishment from North Missouri

MACON — Southern sympathizers must renounce their allegiance to the Confederacy or leave northern Missouri, Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk wrote in a letter outlining his plan to banish hundreds, if not thousands, of families from his district.

Monday, December 8, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Lincoln ally outlines plan to obtain Rollins' support for 13th Amendment

WASHINGTON—The right incentives would deliver the votes of U.S. Reps. James Rollins and Austin King of Missouri for the proposed 13th Amendment to abolish slavery, a New York businessman with Missouri ties wrote to President Abraham Lincoln.

Sunday, December 7, 2014 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Perjury charge based on flimsy evidence, Audrain County man complains

MEXICO — Former Provost Marshal Isaac Gannet took “advantage of his official position to do me injury,” state Rep.-elect William D.H. Hunter wrote in a letter seeking to have charges of perjury dismissed.

Saturday, December 6, 2014 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Lincoln urges passage of 13th Amendment in annual message to Congress

WASHINGTON — The issues at stake in the war were simple and the conditions for peace, as explicitly stated by Confederate President Jefferson Davis, were unacceptable, President Abraham Lincoln wrote in his annual message to Congress.

Friday, December 5, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Widow claims to be loyal in protest of assessment for murders

Dec. 5, 1864. BOONVILLE — A deadline to pay a special tax on Southern sympathizers brought a protest from one woman who claimed she had always been loyal and applications for aid from three others who lost their husbands to...

Thursday, December 4, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Switzler defends loyalty in letter to Union commander

COLUMBIA — When he learned he was not trusted at District of North Missouri headquarters at Macon, William Switzler rushed to set the record straight with Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk.

Wednesday, December 3, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Voting rights for freed blacks would incite white resentment, Radical publisher warns

JEFFERSON CITY — Blacks freed by an upcoming state convention would be better off without being granted voting rights, and so would Radical Republicans political fortunes, William Curry, publisher of the Radical Missouri State Times, wrote in an editorial.

Tuesday, December 2, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Columbia publisher attacks proposal to give voting rights to freed blacks

COLUMBIA — Publisher William Switzler denounced proposals to allow free blacks to vote as a new, unnecessary and exasperating agitation of racial politics.

Monday, December 1, 2014 1:00 pm

150 YEARS AGO: Hood indifferent to carnage as soldiers bury dead from Battle of Franklin

FRANKLIN, Tenn. — Daylight revealed a scene that sickened men hardened to horror by almost four years of war.

Sunday, November 30, 2014 12:00 am11/30/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Battle of Franklin shatters remnants of Confederate Missouri Brigade

FRANKLIN, Tenn. — Gen. John Bell Hood wrecked the Confederate Army of Tennessee and nearly destroyed the Missouri Brigade in an assault on entrenched Federal troops, many armed with repeating rifles and supported by dozens of rifled cannon.

Saturday, November 29, 2014 12:00 am11/29/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Rules set for appeals to release Confederate conscripts

ST. LOUIS — Lt. Isaac Gannett, removed as provost marshal at Mexico after being accused of abusing his authority, was appointed third assistant provost marshal general for the Department of the Missouri.

Friday, November 28, 2014 1:00 pm11/28/2014

150 YEARS AGO: Nearly 1,000 turn out for meeting to drive bushwhackers from Boone County

COLUMBIA — A mandatory meeting for every man in Boone County who did not want to be counted as an enemy of the government drew an overflow crowd to the Boone County Courthouse, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Wednesday, November 26, 2014 10:00 am11/26/2014

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas hang two male slaves near Millersburg

MILLERSBURG — Guerrillas hanged two black men, and the Fulton Missouri Telegraph reported their owners’ names but not the names of the men who died.

Tuesday, November 25, 2014 1:00 pm11/25/2014

150 Years Ago: Callaway man beaten, threatened by soldiers after arresting mule thief

JEFFERSON CITY — Lt. Col. Samuel Melcher complained of militia “behaving badly” in the counties of his subdistrict, assuming the practices of bushwhackers to “rob, burn, and kill.”

Monday, November 24, 2014 1:00 pm11/24/2014

150 Years Ago: Jefferson City pastor sees brighter hope of victory on Thanksgiving

Businesses shuttered their doors and even military activity was kept to a minimum as the Union celebrated Thanksgiving Day under a proclamation issued in October by President Abraham Lincoln.

Sunday, November 23, 2014 12:00 am11/23/2014

150 Years Ago: Woman sitting on stolen shirts claims she 'did not intend to conceal' them

FULTON — Susan Cauley admitted in testimony to military authorities that she was caught sitting on two stolen government shirts when soldiers searched her home in October.

Saturday, November 22, 2014 12:00 am11/22/2014

150 Years Ago: Woman attempts to deflect guilt from brother over stolen blankets

Nov. 22, 1864. FULTON — Grace Bagby’s attempt to exonerate her brother stretched believability when she said she worked diligently to remove conspicuous markings from two blankets to conceal they were federal property but that her brother never noticed them.

Friday, November 21, 2014 1:00 pm11/21/2014

150 Years Ago: Provost marshal dismissed amid charges of abuse of power

ST. LOUIS — Lt. Isaac Gannett, dogged by charges he used his official position to avenge private wrongs, was dismissed as provost marshal at Mexico responsible for the Third Sub-District of North Missouri.

Thursday, November 20, 2014 1:00 pm11/20/2014

150 Years Ago: Educator's wife writes she will remain in Fayette over winter

FAYETTE — After weeks of indecision — played out in almost daily letters to her husband — Bettie Pritchett wrote that she would stay in Howard County until the spring in hopes her entire family could be reunited when they...

Wednesday, November 19, 2014 1:00 pm11/19/2014

150 Years Ago: Disloyal farmer denies knowing seized blankets were federal property

FULTON — Robert Bagby claimed he had no idea that government blankets discovered at his house — gray wool with “U.S.” in the center — were federal property when he found them lying beside a road.

Tuesday, November 18, 2014 1:00 pm11/18/2014

150 Years Ago: Four slaves seeking freedom murdered near Sturgeon

STURGEON — Four slaves escaping to freedom were murdered 6 miles west of town when three armed men wearing Federal military clothing ambushed their party, the Columbia Missouri Statesman reported.

Monday, November 17, 2014 1:00 pm11/17/2014

150 Years Ago: 'Capt. Harry Truman' wins reprieve from death penalty

ST. LOUIS — Jacob W. Terman, alias Harry Truman, received a reprieve from the gallows when Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans commuted his death sentence to indefinite confinement at the Alton Military Prison.

Sunday, November 16, 2014 12:00 am11/16/2014

150 Years Ago: Hope collides with reality for western Confederates

CAMDEN, Ark. — Maj. Gen. Mosby Parsons of Jefferson City apparently believed every fabricated report of Confederate victories and summed up the most outrageous falsehoods in a letter congratulating Maj. Gen. Sterling Price for a “brilliant success” in Missouri.

Saturday, November 15, 2014 12:00 am11/15/2014

150 Years Ago: Republican U.S. Sen. Gratz Brown urges voting rights for black Missourians

ST. LOUIS — Republican U.S. Sen. Benjamin Gratz Brown proposed granting blacks the vote as part of the civil rights reforms that he said should be included in a new Missouri Constitution.

Friday, November 14, 2014 1:00 pm11/14/2014

150 Years Ago: 164 Boone County men drafted for military duty in Union army

ST. CHARLES — A draft to fill the Ninth Congressional District’s quota for the federal army began with Boone County, and 164 men “drew the prize of a new suit of blue clothes and a new gun in Uncle Sam’s...

Thursday, November 13, 2014 12:30 pm11/13/2014

150 Years Ago: Soldier on furlough stops robbery of Osage City residents

OSAGE CITY — Five soldiers traveling by steamboat to St. Louis decided to plunder this Cole County village at the mouth of the Osage River while their boat was forced to stop for several hours.

Wednesday, November 12, 2014 1:00 pm11/12/2014

150 Years Ago: Fisk vows to personally lead effort to rid Central Missouri of guerrillas

ST. JOSEPH — Most of north Missouri was finally quiet after a bloody summer and fall, but trouble spots remained,

Tuesday, November 11, 2014 1:00 pm11/11/2014

150 Years Ago: Troops parade through Columbia on march to St. Louis

Nov. 11, 1864. COLUMBIA — The 3rd Division of the 16th Army Corps, the largest body of troops to visit during the war, arrived from Rocheport and paraded down Broadway to campsites east of town, the Missouri Statesman reported.

Monday, November 10, 2014 1:00 pm11/10/2014

150 Years Ago: Provost marshal settling scores with loyalty investigation, election winner claims

MEXICO, Mo. — Provost Marshal Isaac Gannett was abusing the power of his office to pursue a personal vendetta, William D.H. Hunter wrote in a letter protesting efforts to have him barred from taking a seat in the Missouri House.

Sunday, November 9, 2014 12:00 am11/09/2014

150 Years Ago: Residents fear lives and property in danger in Howard County if troops removed

FAYETTE — With thousands of troops temporarily camped near town, a group of almost 50 residents tried to persuade military authorities to leave some to protect them.

Saturday, November 8, 2014 12:00 am11/08/2014

150 Years Ago: Lincoln, Radicals win election marred by voter repression

Missouri voters chose to re-elect President Abraham Lincoln and gave Republicans promising to end slavery control of state government in an election marred by Radical voter repression tactics, with turnout down 37 percent statewide and as much as 75 percent...

Friday, November 7, 2014 1:00 pm11/07/2014

150 Years Ago: Missouri House candidate arrested for fraud on loyalty oath

MEXICO, Mo. — William Hunter, publisher of the Mexico Ledger, was arrested for submitting a false oath as a candidate for the Missouri House, Provost Marshal Isaac Gannett reported to Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass.

Thursday, November 6, 2014 1:00 pm11/06/2014

150 Years Ago: Fayette woman fears retaliation after passage of Union troops

FAYETTE — Bettie Pritchett wrote a panicked note to her husband seeking advice as she worried about losses to both Union troops and guerrillas.

Wednesday, November 5, 2014 1:00 pm11/05/2014

150 Years Ago: Troops returning from pursuit of Price lighten loads at California

CALIFORNIA, Mo. — Brig. Gen. John McArthur ordered his wagons to lighten their loads as his division battled snowstorms and muddy, semi-frozen roads on a march across the state.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Anderson's guerrillas return to Fayette, letter reports

FAYETTE — Two weeks of comparative quiet was broken by the arrival of “Anderson’s Avengers” — a portion of Bill Anderson’s guerrillas now commanded by his brother, Jim Anderson, after the death of their leader.

Monday, November 3, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Captured rebel Gen. Marmaduke criticizes Price's invasion

ST. LOUIS — High-ranking Confederate officers captured in battle Oct. 25 were allowed to walk the streets and receive visits from relatives and friends in their luxury hotel, where they criticized Maj. Gen. Sterling Price for leading them into Missouri.

Sunday, November 2, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Minister's wife writes of dangerous conditions in Howard County

FAYETTE — With an uncertain future facing her family, Bettie Pritchett wrote to her husband that she wanted to go to their rural home but saw possible danger there from Union troops and guerrillas.

Saturday, November 1, 2014 12:00 am

150 YEARS AGO: Central Missouri remains a dangerous place, letter writer warns cousin

BOONVILLE — Lizzie Thompson warned her cousin Beverly Thompson that it was not the time to return to her home in Arrow Rock.

Friday, October 31, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Rollins' son receives transfer to duty at the St. Louis Arsenal

WASHINGTON — Lt. James H. Rollins of Columbia ended his assignment at the Ordinance Bureau of the U.S. Army to transfer to the St. Louis Arsenal, his new duty station

Thursday, October 30, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Militia kill prominent farmer in Chariton County

SALISBURY — Unionist militia targeted a well-known farmer named Milton Hurt as they began a sweep to kill or capture enemies of Radical rule, the St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican reported.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014 1:00 pm10/29/2014

150 Years Ago: Officer orders reading to replace cards for black troops

BRAZOS SANTIAGO, Texas — Lt. Col. David Branson was determined that the former slaves in the 62nd U.S. Colored Troops were going to learn to read, even if it meant they would be denied leisure-time pleasures or starve while doing...

Tuesday, October 28, 2014 1:00 pm10/28/2014

150 Years Ago: Crowd sheds tears for Boone County soldier in execution at St. Joseph

ST. JOSEPH — Jackson Jefferson’s last words were a calm proclamation of his innocence of murder and resignation that his fate could not be changed. He then kneeled beside a crude wooden coffin, helped his executioners adjust his blindfold, and...

Monday, October 27, 2014 1:00 pm10/27/2014

150 Years Ago: Soldier sentenced to die writes farewell to Boone County mother

ST. JOSEPH — Pvt. Jackson Jefferson of Boone County wrote a farewell letter to his widowed mother on the eve of his execution, asking her to use him as an example for his younger brothers of how a bad life...

Sunday, October 26, 2014 12:00 am10/26/2014

150 Years Ago: 'Bloody Bill' Anderson dies in Union ambush in Ray County

ALBANY — William T. “Bloody Bill” Anderson rode headlong into an ambush, dying at age 25 in a crossfire that showed Union troops had adopted guerrilla tactics to fight the terrorist rebels.

Saturday, October 25, 2014 12:00 am10/25/2014

150 Years Ago: Militia on a 'raid' in Boone County man killed two civilians

COLUMBIA — William Rumans was shot by Unionist militia 4 miles northwest of town in retaliation for allowing three guerrillas, including his son, to visit his home.

Friday, October 24, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Anderson adds to death toll during raid through Carroll County

CARROLL COUNTY — Bill Anderson added to the grisly infamy of his guerrilla band this day as he scouted along the Missouri River for a place to cross his command, grown once again to as many as 150 men.

Thursday, October 23, 2014 12:30 pm

150 Years Ago: Pacific Railroad resumes partial service on fractured line

JEFFERSON CITY — The Pacific Railroad resumed regular passenger and freight service on the portions of its line that were intact, with westbound travelers stopping at the La Mine River to transfer to waiting cars and steamboats covering the eastbound...

Wednesday, October 22, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Guitar opts to publish 'prophetic' resignation letter to quiet critics

ST. LOUIS — Former Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar decided to publish his resignation letter, written Aug. 18, that predicted only “great and decisive reverses elsewhere, or the grossest negligence and mismanagement here” could open the way for rebel success in...

Tuesday, October 21, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: 'Bloody Bill' Anderson tortures Glasgow businessman during robbery

GLASGOW — Guerrilla leader Bill Anderson and his gang raided the home of Unionist businessman Benjamin Lewis, torturing him and allegedly raping a young black girl to force him to obtain enough money to ransom his life.

Monday, October 20, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: 'Columbia Tigers' dismissed from active duty as full-time soldiers take over garrison

COLUMBIA — Lt. Col. Thaddeus Stauber, who arrived the day before with 300 infantry, dismissed the “Columbia Tigers” from duty, requiring only daily roll calls and allowing businesses to resume operation after a two-week suspension.

Sunday, October 19, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Arrival of troops prompts alarm for Columbia Tigers

COLUMBIA—Soldiers rushed to their quarters as bugles blared the call to arms and the Columbia Tigers, citizen home guards, “with a unanimity and courage undaunted, also rallied and were ready for the fray” when a large body of troops was...

Saturday, October 18, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Troops sent to Mexico ordered to live off rebel sympathizers

MEXICO, Mo. — Another 250 troops under Col. Samuel Holmes were ordered to join 800 men of the 40th Missouri Infantry and the 18th U.S. Colored Troops Infantry for operations against Confederate recruiting efforts in Monroe County.

Friday, October 17, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Paroled Union prisoners from Glasgow meet Union escort to Boonville

LAMINE RIVER — Col. Chester Harding and the surrendered garrison from Glasgow were transferred to a waiting Union escort after two days of marching across Saline County under an escort of 40 Confederate soldiers commanded by Lt. Johnathan Graves.

Thursday, October 16, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: More troops arrive at Jefferson City to join pursuit of Price

JEFFERSON CITY — Col. Edward Winslow arrived with 1,500 cavalry of Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson Smith’s 16th Corps after a seven-day march from St. Louis and was immediately dispatched westward to join the pursuit of Confederate invaders under Maj. Gen....

Wednesday, October 15, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Clark takes Glasgow after struggle that leaves at least 18 dead, 75 wounded

GLASGOW — Brig. Gen. Joseph Shelby opened an artillery barrage at 5 a.m. from the south bank of the Missouri River to begin a seven-hour battle that would prove to be one of the bloodiest fights so far of the...

Tuesday, October 14, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Boy watching guerrillas one of five killed as Anderson raids Danville

DANVILLE — Bill Anderson’s guerrillas killed four men and a boy, burned 18 buildings and robbed businesses and citizens during a two-hour visit to this western Montgomery County community.

Monday, October 13, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Boonville tallies losses as last of rebel army marches west

BOONVILLE — Three days of occupation by rebel troops left the merchants of Boonville plundered and the people searching for morsels of food.

Sunday, October 12, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: 'Somebody is to blame' for letting Price reach Boonville, Fisk writes to Rollins

PROVIDENCE — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk fumed at his predicament — three regiments of infantry and six artillery pieces going nowhere while Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederates crossed the Missouri River into his district.

Saturday, October 11, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas shock Price with display of scalps during meeting at Boonville

BOONVILLE — Bill Anderson and his gang of guerrillas presented a ghastly pageant as they paid their respects to Maj. Gen. Sterling Price.

Friday, October 10, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Price receives 'enthusiastic' reception as rebel army occupies Boonville

BOONVILLE — Sterling Price’s return to a town he left in haste in June 1861 was a hero’s welcome for himself and his army, he would report when his campaign through Missouri was over.

Thursday, October 9, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Pursuing Federals catch Price at California as Shelby takes Boonville

CALIFORNIA — Able to see only the tail of the Confederate Army of the Missouri, pursuing Union forces didn’t know which direction Maj. Gen. Sterling Price was marching until Col. John Philips emerged with his column of cavalry on a...

Wednesday, October 8, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Pleasonton begins pursuit of Price as rebels march west

JEFFERSON CITY — An unexpected calm prevailed along the 3 miles of trench lines protecting the state capital, and forces probing out from those defenses discovered Maj. Gen. Sterling Price and his Confederate Army of Missouri had marched away.

Tuesday, October 7, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Price abandons effort to take Jefferson City

JEFFERSON CITY — Maj. Gen. Sterling Price, a former governor and once the most admired man in the state, brought his army to the outskirts of the city he left in haste in June 1861, driving a Union army half...

Monday, October 6, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Shelby's men force crossing of Osage as rebels close in on Jefferson City

JEFFERSON CITY — With pressure building on their outnumbered garrison, four Union brigadier generals planned for a last stand with knowledge that no help would come from outside.

Sunday, October 5, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Rebels reach Osage River as Federal force grows at Jefferson City

JEFFERSON CITY — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk got a lot of bad news today as he attempted to organize the defense of the state capital.

Saturday, October 4, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Fisk vows to defy odds, defeat rebel thrust at Jefferson City

JEFFERSON CITY — Brig. Gen. Egbert Brown made light of his tactical situation with 3,200 men on hand to face an army reportedly as large as 20,000 expected to assault him.

Friday, October 3, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Fisk, reinforcements arrive to bolster Jefferson City defenses

JEFFERSON CITY — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk knew he was abandoning north Missouri to the guerrillas as he arrived with 200 reinforcements to take over management of the defenses here.

Thursday, October 2, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Union forces torch Rocheport as Anderson camps within sight of town

ROCHEPORT — Union troops torched the business district to provide light for their preparations to leave, venting frustration at their inability to find guerrillas by punishing this Boone County river port for its reputation as a haven for rebels.

Wednesday, October 1, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Preparations intensify to defend Jefferson City against rebel invasion

JEFFERSON CITY — Brig. Gen. Egbert Brown issued orders to troops stationed at Boonville, Tipton and Hermann to concentrate for the defense of the state capitol and began sending scouting parties to the Osage and Gasconade rivers to watch for..

Tuesday, September 30, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: St. Charles militia torches Centralia hotel and store robbed by guerrillas

CENTRALIA — Soldiers burned the hotel and store owned by Thomas Snead when he refused to serve them ahead of paying customers trying to get a quick meal while their train stopped for servicing.

Monday, September 29, 2014 12:00 pm

150 years ago: Spared at Centralia, prisoner finds favor with 'Bloody Bill' Anderson

MILLERSBURG — Sgt. Thomas Goodman bought goodwill from the infamous guerrilla Bill Anderson by doing a good job grooming his horse.

Sunday, September 28, 2014 12:00 am

150 years ago: Guerrillas leave Centralia as Union buries dead, attempts pursuit

CENTRALIA — The guerrillas who killed almost 150 Union soldiers the previous day — including 23 on furlough taken from a train — broke camp about midnight and began a silent march away from the field of their grisly victory.

Saturday, September 27, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas kill soldiers on furlough, annihilate more than 100 in brief fight

Editors note: Go online at columbiatribune.com to read three versions of the events this day in Centralia — by Sgt. Thomas Goodman, taken prisoner by the guerrillas; John Newman Edwards, chief postwar apologist for the guerrillas; and William Switzler, the...

Friday, September 26, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Fisk orders 'a severe lesson' to civilians aiding guerrilla fighters

GLASGOW — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk directed his field commanders to make war on the civilian population supporting the rebel guerrillas who had operated virtually unchecked in Central Missouri for more than five months.

Thursday, September 25, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Jefferson City on alert as Price concentrates army in southeast Missouri

JACKSON — A Confederate force of about 500 men under Col. William Jeffers, detached from Maj. Gen. John Sappington Marmaduke’s division, left this Cape Girardeau County community at daylight, marching to catch up with the main body of the Army...

Wednesday, September 24, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas meet bloody repulse in attack on Fayette

FAYETTE — A guerrilla force swollen by the combination of several commands met a bloody repulse when they attacked a small garrison barricaded in blockhouses on the Central College campus.

Tuesday, September 23, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Soldiers and civilians killed, bodies burned, in guerrilla attack near Rocheport

ROCHEPORT — At least 11 soldiers and three black teamsters died when 150 screaming guerrillas swept over a heavily laden wagon train stopped for animals to water at Sylvester Gosline’s farm pond about six miles northeast of this Boone County...

Monday, September 22, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Gen. Fisk promises 'dragnet' to destroy guerrillas in Boone, Howard counties

GLASGOW — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk arrived at 4 p.m. after a march from Huntsville that began at midnight, promptly reporting that the countryside teemed with guerrillas but without reporting that he fought any of them.

Sunday, September 21, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Cooper County refugees consider life in Imperial Mexico

PARIS, Canada West — Boonville refugees Nancy and Caleb Jones had rented a large home, were in good health and pondering whether to become subjects of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, Caleb Jones wrote to his daughter Mary McCarthy in...

Saturday, September 20, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Sheriff shot, courthouse burned after surrender of Keytesville

KEYTESVILLE — Chariton County Sheriff Robert Carman was shot and the county courthouse was destroyed by fire after a barricaded militia unit force of 25 men with 1,300 rounds of ammunition surrendered without firing a shot.

Friday, September 19, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Price invades Missouri with cavalry army of 12,000

DONIPHAN — Federal soldiers plundered and torched this town on the Current River as they fled the advance scouts of 12,000 mounted Confederates pouring across the border from Arkansas.

Thursday, September 18, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Political bitterness intensifies between Rollins and Guitar

Sept. 18, 1864. ST. LOUIS — U.S. Rep. James Rollins was a liar leading a clique of “would-be political dictators of the Ninth Congressional District,” former Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar wrote in a letter to the Daily Missouri Republican.

Wednesday, September 17, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Fisk seeks 'Jennison's Jayhawkers' for duty in Boone County

SAINT JOSEPH — Brig. Gen. Clinton Fisk asked for the 7th Kansas Cavalry, the regiment that gained infamy on the Missouri border as “Jennison’s Jayhawkers,” to be stationed in

Tuesday, September 16, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Guerrilla killed in skirmish, civilian shot by troops in northern Boone County

COLUMBIA — A force of 180 Federal cavalry skirmished with guerrillas under Col. Caleb Perkins 8 miles north of town, killing one and driving the rest of the rebel force, estimated at 70 men, for three miles, Brig. Gen. Joseph...

Monday, September 15, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Political fight escalates between Columbia rivals

COLUMBIA — The political dispute between U.S. Rep. James Rollins and Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar had become a grudge match with each man’s honor involved, playing out on the pages of the state’s largest newspaper.

Sunday, September 14, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Businessman disputes general over conditions in Cooper County

PISGAH — It was dangerous for Unionists to leave Cooper County, dangerous to stay and dangerous to return, John French wrote to Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans in response to a declaration by Brig. Gen. Egbert Brown that the county was...

Saturday, September 13, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Farmhands say they left work because of cheating employer, not scary guerrillas

FULTON — James and Frances Martien lost their hired farm hands because they cheated them on clothing and denied them their wages, not because guerrillas threatened them, according to testimony from two men who claimed to be owed $75.

Friday, September 12, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Rollins fuels political dispute over congressional seat by refusing endorsement

ST. LOUIS — U.S. Rep. James Rollins withdrew from the Ninth Congressional District race claiming he wanted harmony among Conservatives but pointedly did not endorse his chief rival, former Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar.

Thursday, September 11, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Soldiers fire on men fishing from boat in Missouri River

OSAGE CITY — An Illinois officer saw a suspicious attempt to cross the Missouri River but civilians on the Callaway County side saw only their reliable mail carrier fishing with two black men in an incident that led to the...

Wednesday, September 10, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Soldiers catch nervous teenager but no guerrillas in raid on rural home

MEXICO — Soldiers hoping to bag a small band of guerrillas found a home suspiciously arranged and a nervous teenager but no bushwhackers when they visited the residence of Landen Craig.

Tuesday, September 9, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Switzler endangers job with McClellan endorsement

COLUMBIA — The Missouri Statesman endorsed Maj. Gen. George McClellan, the Democratic presidential candidate, despite the possibility it could cost publisher William Switzler his patronage job in President Abraham Lincoln’s administration.

Monday, September 8, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Refugees pour out thanks for promise of protection in Boone County

COLUMBIA — A promise of troops to protect Boone County — backed up by the arrival of Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass with 200 mounted men — generated “the deepest emotions of heartfelt gratitude,” three rural residents living as refugees in...

Sunday, September 7, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Rebels steal horses, take hostages in Centralia train robbery

Sept. 7, 1864. CENTRALIA — A Federal captain and two privates were taken as hostages for the safety of a wounded rebel prisoner when Confederate cavalry stopped a North Missouri Railroad freight train to steal horses bound for St. Louis...

Saturday, September 6, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Rollins jumps into congressional race to block rival

ST. LOUIS — U.S. Rep. James Rollins announced he would be a candidate for re-election, not truly intending to run but instead hoping to humble Odon Guitar.

Friday, September 5, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Unwilling guide escapes from Anderson's guerrillas at Rocheport

ROCHEPORT — James Lyons, pressed into service as a guide by Bill Anderson’s guerrillas, barely escaped with his life when he told the guerrilla leader — already enraged by his gang’s inability to capture a steamboat — that he was...

Thursday, September 4, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Farmer suspected of feeding bushwhackers shot at home north of Columbia

COLUMBIA — William Cave, a farmer living on the outskirts of town, was shot by soldiers who believed he had fed a squad of bushwhackers.

Wednesday, September 3, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Soldiers raid distillery, launch spree of violence against civilians

ROCK BRIDGE — Soldiers scouting for bushwhackers liberated whiskey at James McConathy’s distillery, then went on a spree of violence against civilians that left one man dead, another hanging from a tree and four men badly beaten.

Tuesday, September 2, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Rollins warns wife that political fight with Guitar is likely

ST. LOUIS — A resentful U.S. Rep. James Rollins warned his wife in a letter that friction between himself and Odon Guitar would erupt in a fight over the Ninth District congressional seat.

Monday, September 1, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Cooper County refugee writes to daughter from Canada

PARIS, Canada West — Cooper County refugee Nancy Jones reassured her daughter in Texas that she, her husband and her son were safe and financially secure despite being forced to leave home because of their Southern sympathies.

Sunday, August 31, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Union generals plan coordinated attack on rebels in Boone County

MEXICO — A coordinated sweep to scour Boone County from all directions was the only way to defeat swarming Confederates under Col. Caleb Perkins, Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass wrote to his commanders.

Saturday, August 30, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas 'outrageously pleased' after capturing steamboat near Rocheport

ROCHEPORT — Bill Anderson’s guerrillas forced a small steamboat, the Esther Buffington, to come to shore with a hail of gunfire that killed the boat’s captain and severely wounded a well-known Boone County abolitionist

Friday, August 29, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Mutilated bodies of soldiers retrieved from ambush site near Rocheport

BOONVILLE — With about 16 of his men, Capt. Joseph Parke collected the mutilated bodies of soldiers killed the previous day in an ambush 3 miles west of Rocheport and brought them to Thespian Hall, the Central Missouri Advertiser reported.

Thursday, August 28, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Soldiers killed, scalped by guerrillas in ambush near Rocheport

ROCHEPORT — Guerrillas mutilated many of the eight soldiers killed when a cavalry patrol led by Capt. Joseph Parke stumbled into a carefully prepared ambush about 3 miles west of this place.

Wednesday, August 27, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Rollins embraces white supremacy in Chicago speech

CHICAGO — A war to uphold the Constitution had become “a miserable and contemptible crusade to free the negroes,” U.S. Rep. James Rollins said in a white-supremacist speech declaring his support for the likely Democratic presidential nominee, Maj. Gen. George...

Wednesday, August 27, 2014 11:30 am

Civil War officer to receive Medal of Honor

WASHINGTON (AP) — A century and a half after his valiant death in the Battle of Gettysburg, a Union Army officer is being awarded the nation’s highest military decoration, thanks to a decades-long campaign by his descendants and Civil War...

Tuesday, August 26, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Rocheport again occupied by 'Bloody Bill' Anderson's guerrillas

ROCHEPORT — Guerrilla leader Jim Anderson, brother of and lieutenant to Bill Anderson, saved the life of Charlie Barth as guerrillas again made themselves at home in this Boone County river port.

Monday, August 25, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Guerrillas reported crossing Missouri River near Claysville

MEXICO, Mo. — Guerrillas were using two flatboats to cross the Missouri River at will near Claysville in Boone County, Brig. Gen. Joseph Douglass reported to Union headquarters in St. Louis.

Sunday, August 24, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Military confidence, personal loneliness mingle in letter from Confederate soldier

ATLANTA — A Confederate cavalry raid on Union supply lines would break the siege of Atlanta, saving one of the important manufacturing and transportation centers, Pvt. Benjamin Creason wrote to his cousin Crotia Stevenson of Hallsville.

Saturday, August 23, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Prisoner 'shot trying to escape' after arrest at Randolph County home

STURGEON — A prisoner learned that his fear of being shot was well founded when a rifle ball entered his back as he obeyed two guards who ordered him to fetch a pail of water.

Friday, August 22, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Union officer reports 11 guerrillas dead at end of 10-day scout

OTTERVILLE — Work was progressing quickly on a log blockhouse to protect the vital Pacific Railroad bridge on the Lamine River, reported Capt. Edward Berthoud, chief engineer for the District of Central Missouri.

Thursday, August 21, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Guitar touted as 'the very man for crisis' in letter urging run for governor

ST. LOUIS — Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar was “the very man for the crisis” who, if nominated for governor, would unite all political factions “except the violent disorganizing Radical party,” a letter to the Daily Missouri Republican declared.

Wednesday, August 20, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Female rebel flaunts disloyalty while on parole, provost marshal reports

JEFFERSON CITY — A Cooper County woman free on parole pending approval of a long prison sentence should be locked up to stop her from flaunting her disloyalty, Lt. Franklin Swap said.

Tuesday, August 19, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Fulton newspaper touts Millard Fillmore for Democratic nominee

FULTON — Former President Millard Fillmore was a tested leader who would preserve the Union and heal political divisions, Editor John Williams wrote, announcing his preference for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Monday, August 18, 2014 10:00 am

150 Years Ago: Guitar resigns commission citing differences over martial law tactics

ROLLA — Heavy-handed martial law tactics were doing more to drive opposition to the government than provide reassurance that peaceful people could live quietly, Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar wrote in his letter resigning his commission.

Sunday, August 17, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Looming draft was driving Union, Confederate enlistments in Central Missouri

MACON — New Union infantry regiments were filling quickly and guerrilla numbers were increasing as well as pressure to choose sides increased on men of military age.

Saturday, August 16, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Holtzclaw loses four men killed during fight at Dripping Springs

DRIPPING SPRINGS — Four guerrillas were killed and 16 reported wounded in a fight that began at daylight and ended when timely Federal reinforcements arrived, forcing rebel leader Clifton Holtzclaw to break off his attack.

Friday, August 15, 2014 10:00 am

150 Years Ago: Two Federal soldiers wounded in skirmish near Dripping Springs

DRIPPING SPRINGS — Clifton Holtzclaw’s guerrillas ambushed two sentries guarding a camp of troopers from the 17th Illinois Cavalry, severely wounding both men.

Thursday, August 14, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Editorial calls arrest of congressman a 'great outrage upon freedom of speech'

ST. LOUIS — The arrest of U.S. Rep. William Hall for criticizing President Abraham Lincoln was “as great an outrage upon freedom of speech and the rights of personal liberty, as has come to our knowledge during the war,” the...

Wednesday, August 13, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Provost marshal refuses to release hostages at Mexico

MEXICO, Mo. — Lt. Isaac Gannett accused 19 prominent residents of Audrain County — including Sheriff Amos Ladd, all three judges of the County Court and D.H. Hunter, publisher of the Mexico Ledger — of disloyalty as he rejected their...

Tuesday, August 12, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Large Jefferson City crowd watches firing squad execute prisoner

JEFFERSON CITY — With a large crowd watching, accused bushwhacker John Wilcox was executed by a firing squad shortly after 3 p.m. at a clearing along Weir Creek west of town, the Missouri State Times reported.

Monday, August 11, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Radical correspondent gloats over arrest of Congressman

MEXICO — A correspondent for the Radical St. Louis Missouri Democrat gloated over the arrest of U.S. Rep. William Hall for criticizing President Abraham Lincoln in a dispatch apparently based on leaks from the Provost Marshal’s office.

Sunday, August 10, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Congressman arrested for disloyalty after criticizing president

MEXICO, Mo. — U.S. Rep. William Hall was arrested for criticizing President Abraham Lincoln by the adjutant of an Iowa cavalry regiment who overheard a conversation between Hall and Rev. Thomas Allen of Columbia.

Saturday, August 9, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Condemned prisoner allowed to spend time with minister

JEFFERSON CITY — Condemned prisoner John Wilcox, sentenced to die without trial for the crimes of others, was allowed to have the comfort of speaking with a minister in his final hours.

Friday, August 8, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Hostage situation in Mexico, Mo., left in hands of local provost marshal

ST. LOUIS — Provost Marshal General John Sanderson deferred to Lt. Isaac Gannett, the provost marshal at Mexico, Mo., for the terms to end a hostage issue caused when Gannett seized four reputed Southern sympathizers.

Thursday, August 7, 2014 10:00 am

150 Years Ago: One guerrilla killed as militia, home guards chase Anderson's men through Randolph County

HUNTSVILLE — In “a long report of a short fight,” Lt. Col. Alexander Denny detailed the death of a guerrilla and the four-hour chase that preceded the “hand-to-hand conflict with pistols” resulting in the death.

Wednesday, August 6, 2014 1:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Callaway County Confederate writes reassuring letter from Atlanta trenches

ATLANTA — Artilleryman Jesse Everhart of Callaway County reassured his family at home that he remained uninjured despite almost three months of continuous fighting since the Missouri Brigade arrived in Georgia.

Tuesday, August 5, 2014 10:00 am

150 Years Ago: Rollins, petitioners urge release of Audrain County hostages

COLUMBIA — A petition for the release of four men taken hostage when James Davis disappeared was signed by “reliable Union men” from Audrain County, and “the utmost credit ought to be given to their statements,” U.S. Rep. James Rollins...

Monday, August 4, 2014 12:00 pm

150 Years Ago: Orders issued for Confederate plan to seize St. Louis

SHREVEPORT, La. — Maj. Gen. Sterling Price was ordered to make the capture of St. Louis the object of a Confederate expedition to Missouri intended to relieve pressure on southern armies fighting in front of Richmond and Atlanta.

Sunday, August 3, 2014 12:00 am 08/03/2014

150 Years Ago: Spy network helped guerrillas escape at Arrow Rock, newspaper reports

BOONVILLE — An effective spy network was responsible for the escape of 15 guerrillas two hours before a Union cavalry detachment arrived at Arrow Rock, the Boonville Monitor reported.

Saturday, August 2, 2014 12:00 am

150 Years Ago: Two former slaves murdered by bushwhackers

STONESPORT — Two black men — including one who was a slave connected to a criminal and civil dispute over employing runaways — were killed by bushwhackers who arrived at this small Boone County river port intent on murder, the..

Friday, August 1, 2014 1:00 pm08/01/2014

150 Years Ago: Guitar states intention to resign commission as brigadier general

ROLLA — Brig. Gen. Odon Guitar, who had angered Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans by publishing an accusation that he was the victim of deliberate character assassination, asked to be relieved of command of the District of Rolla so he could...